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SOCC24 Quick Midterm Notes.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Rania Salem

Patricia Hill Collins – Six Dimensions 1. Naturalized Hierarchy – white as parents black as children, men > women, follow rules of “national” family 2. Home Place – public (men) and private (women) reinforces roles, division of space by race, nation = homeland 3. Blood Ties – women responsible to maintain pure bloodlines (no pre-martial sex), no mixing of races 4. Membership Privileges – diff responsibilities for men (financial) women (domestic) reward women who stay in marriage, distribution of rights/responsibilities based on race 5. Inheritance/Family Wage – working class men entitled to “family wage” status of women/kids derived from men’s, passing down from father to son to keep out others, home ownership = national id and participation 6. Family Planning – women’s bodies produces pop. for national fam, eugenics, control who reproduces Aboriginal family forms depended on modes of economic survival and the nature of contact with other groups: Sedentary Aboriginal peoples: Great Lakes & coastal BC regions. Nomadic Aboriginal peoples: Prairies & the North. Plains Cree Families: Nomadic hunting society, patriarchal, patrilineal families – Men: hunters, warriors, leaders. Women reared children, prepared food, made clothing and tools. Iroquois Families: Sedentary agricultural society, matrilineal, matrilocal families – all members responsible for child rearing. Men: hunters, fishers, warriors. Women: worked in fields, chose and advised male leaders. Patrilineal kinship: tracing kinship through male line. Matrilineal kinship: tracing kinship through female line. Patrilocal residence: residing in the household of husband’s.Matrilocal residence: residing in household of wife’s. Patriarchy: social system of male domination. Matriarchy: social system of female domination. Family refers to an intimate domestic group made up of people related to one another through blood/sexual/legal ties. Joint extended family: grandparents, children, and grandchildren. Stem extended family: siblings and their nuclears. Society (Macro) Families (Meso) Individiuals (Micro) Structural Functionalist Theory – The family performs important functions in society (particularly individual child socialization), mothers take expressive role/fathers take instrumental role, society’s cultural and organizational contexts influence family life, systems within society are at equilibrium with one another – families should be the same, focus on equilibrium makes explanation of social change and inequalities difficult. Social Exchange Theory – Individuals act rationally to maximize benefits/minimize costs – no altruism, family members’ resources determine power in their relationships, family conflict arise when exchanges between members imbalanced, families persist because benefits outweigh costs. Rational Choice Theory – Human/cultural/social capital transferred from parents to children and affects future outcomes, families acquire resources and opportunities based on social networks and communities, social closure occurs when parents and communities communicate consistent rather than conflicting norms to children, effective communities form when neighbours take collective responsibility for child well-being. Symbolic Interactionism Theory – Individual’s sense of self shaped through interaction with others (particularly fam), reference groups provide children with role models that guide their enactment of roles and develop self-concept, family members experience role strain if their role expectations conflict or role definitions are weak, families create their own symbolic world through myths and rituals. Interactional-Transactional Theory – Child seen as active (rather than passive) social actor, child feedback influences parents’ actions – bidirectional relationship, child coproduces environment that shapes their development, the environment enhances, limits and constrains family member’s actions. Developmental/Life Course Theory – Family events follow trajectory/sequence – individual roles develop and change over time, Timing of transitions from one family event/role to the next can affect individual’s time for developmental tasks, Individuals’ experience of a life stage affects family member’s development, Families are long-term social groups with history of transactions with society – they affect and are affected by larger social forces such as tech, economy. Social Constructionism Theory – Social constructs are phenomena that seem objectively real or natural but are actually social or cultural creations, Childhood is a social construct with a changing definition, Gender role/motherhood/fatherhood/sexual division of labour
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