7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

DURKHEIM’S FUNCTIONALISM • 1. DURKHEIM’S INFLUENCE – (a) DURKHEIM’S FUNCTIONAL ORIGINS • 2. DURKHEIM ON SOCIETY – (a) THE PROPERTIES OF SOCIETY – (b) DURKHEIM ON SOCIAL CHANGE • (i) MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY • (ii) ORGANIC SOLIDARITY • (iii) HUMAN NATURE AND SUICIDE • 3. SOCIETY AND INDIVIDUAL – Like society, dislike individual – (a) PERSONALITY AND ANOMIE • 4. DURKHEIM ON INSTITUTIONS – Lost the ability to integrate into modern institution – (a) RELIGION • We live in a secular world so it is no longer viable • USA most religious country in the world – (b) EDUCATION • Used to be controlled by religion • Ideological battleground – (c) FAMILY • Family can no longer integrate, used to be a production unit • No longer produces, families work in the labor market • We spend less time in the family • Family controlled your income and survival • Socialization used to be controlled by the family, no longer the case – (d) ECONOMY • Lost ability to integrate • Most of our adult lives take place in the economy • Economy = production, distribution, consumption • Used to be family supervision • Separation of the family and the production • Production and society works without moral regulation • Used to be controlled with “just price”, enforced by Catholic churches • Landlords cannot despoil peasants • Economy is ruled by raw egoism • Conflict, economy breeds conflict between the capitalists and economists, capital and labor • Economic strike infects other institutions • Capitalists say it’s a “dog eat dog” world • Adam Smith -> supply and demand, greed of the individualism helps to the greater good, it improves the standard of living of us all • Left wing are hostile to capitalism, but they loathe functionalism Left Middle Right NPD LIBERALS CONSERVATIVES DEMS INDEPENDENT REPUBLICANS BIG GOVERNMENT SMALL GOVERNMENT - Regulation taxes - Small regulations - Deficit financing - Small taxes - Collectivism - Balanced budgets ->Social forces - Individualism Implies that most sociologists are Leftists • – (e) POLITY • Used to be governed by religion, monarchy • Toleration act 1688 made it separate from religion • Politics is more compatible with social engineering • Comte and Durkheim are social engineers, • If there are a lot of suicides, they want to engineer social solidarity to reduce suicide rates • 5. HIS SOCIOLOGY OF MORALITY – Nature of morality will always differ, but morality everywhere aims at the same ends – Mechanical morality aims at traditional – Organic morality aims at modern – Individualism is dysfunctional – Collectivism is functional – Durkheim: what is good cannot be distinguished – Occupational associations • Professional groups have a code of ethics • Always have the best interest of the patient or client in mind – Progressive conservatism is an oxymoron, because they are leftist • Red Tories come out of this tradition – (a) THE FUNCTIONS OF MORALITY – (b) GOOD, BAD AND FUNCTIONALITY STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM: PARSONS’ GRAND THEORY • 1. INTRODUCTION – Consensus also means totalitarianism • Shared norms and values – People from all social classes have same social values – Conflict theory signifies dominance of one group over the other – Sudden disruptive social change – Influenced by bourgeois tendencies • 2. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM TODAY – A lot of people relate sociology to structural functionalism – Structure means large scale institutions that make up the social structure, and how they relate to each other – Stratification is a functional necessity for the function of society, no structure is not stratified – (a) THE FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF STRATIFICATION • Stratification -> Relfication • (i) DAVIS AND MOORE – - HIGH RANKING POSITIONS – Sufficient rewards • 1. Unpleasant • 2. Social survival • 3. Diff talents • Lower rewards • Actors and athetes? • Sanitary engineers • More functional, but make less money • Movies stars, are they functional? • Functionalists believe that they are the core of the team – “Deserve” Inequality -> functional – Equality -> desirable – Scarce • Medicine • Admission restrictions • MSAT and LSAT • People want to get into places, but they force the entrances down, keeps up the scarcity – - LOW RANKING POSITION – (b) CRITIQUE OF THE THEORY • 3. PARSONS’ STRUCT FUNCT – (a) HIS FUNCT IMPERATIVES • (i) AGIL – - ADAPTATION • a society must be able to adapt, cope with it’s environment • Material culture – - GOAL ATTAINMENT • Society must have goals • System must be fine and achieve its primary
More Less

Related notes for SOCC40H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.