VPMA93H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Pan Flute, Character Piece, Legato

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Published on 20 Dec 2016
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VPMA93
Final Exam Listening List
Barack Obama, Amazing Grace
o (from lecture 6music and meaning)
President Obama attended the funeral of Rev. Clementa Pinkney, who
was one of the victims at a mass shooting in a black church (hate crime)
Obama presented the eulogy, where he sang this
Pivotal moment in history because many people criticized Obama for not
being as attuned to black culture as he should be (being the first Black
President of USA and all)
Krzysztof Penderecki, Threnody: To the victims of Hiroshima
o (from lecture 6music and meaning)
Also ko as 3 eause ou ae supposed to pla it i the tie
according to your watch
i.e. this song should take eight minutes and thirty seven seconds
to play
After thinking about it a little more, Penderecki decided to dedicate this
song to an event that happened in his lifetime
Entitled it as a Threnody, which means to lament
Graphic notation
The players need to learn how to read the notation before they
can even learn to play
Sound effects
Quarter-tone interval
o Asking the performer to play outside the normal major
and minor scales
Half the size of a half step
Tone clustera highly dissonant, closely spaced collection of
pitches sounding simultaneously
Playing the highest note possible on the instrument
Playing on parts of the violin that are not usually played
o Playing with the bow on the bridge of violin
o Playing with the wood of the bow
o Playing on the tailpiece of the instrument
o Striking the sting with the wood of the vow
o Striking the upper sounding board with the nut of the bow
or the finger tips
Slow and fast vibrato
Through-composed in a way
Glissandoa continuous or sliding movement from one pitch to another
Sections
Section 1
o (0:35) High pitched dissonant clusters
o tone clusters
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VPMA93
Final Exam Listening List
o here is the instruction to play the highest note that you
possibly can
Section 2
o (1:58) Varied texture of multiple sound effects in rapid
succession
Section 3
o (2:51) Sustained tones and quarter-tone clusters linked
with glissandos
Glissandoa continuous or sliding movement from
one pitch to another
The glissandos kind of sound like planes
Section 4
o (7:13) Isolated pitches and various sound effects
Section 5
o (8:07) Unison sound effects and clusters that lead to the
final climatic chord
John Cage, ’
o (lecture 8music and performance)
How many criteria can we get rid of and still have something we can call
music?
There is no sound!
But originally made for piano
Three parts to this song
Open and close the lid to indicate the section
Determinatethe duration of time
Indetermineate/aleotoric (chance)not determined by the music or the
performer)
Audience
Niccolo Paganini, Caprice No. 24
o Super hard piece
o Playing octaves on the violin which is extremely hard to do
If ou dot do it ight it souds off tue
Franz Liszt, Grand Galop Chromatique
o innovating
o doest soud too eitig ut he ou ath it, ou a see the skill that goes
into this piece
Frank Sinatra, Night and Day
o (lecture 9music and dance)
From Swing Style Erajazz from the period 1935-1945, usually known as
the Swing Era; the standard instrumental combination for swing music is
the big band
Note, there is another version of Night and Day by the Astair
backbeata sharp attack on beats 2 and 4 of a four beat bar
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VPMA93
Final Exam Listening List
bel cantoa type of 19th century Italian operatic singing that emphasized
the beauty of the voice through the use of lyrical melodic lines and legato
phrasing
legatoplayed smoothly with no separation between successive notes
legato attach—“iatas tehiue where he sounds like he is
oo-ig he he sigs ods like ou ad oo
Portamentoa continuous movement from one pitch to another
through all of the intervening pitches
Rubato--
Bill Haley and His Comets, Rock around the clock
o (lecture 9music and dance)
rock n’ rolla type of American popular music of the 1950s, based
chiefly on elements of Afro-American music
12-bar blues pattern, fast, driving quadruple meter; simple,
repetitive harmonies
Instruments: amplified and electric guitars, saxophones,
prominent rhythm section of drums, piano, and bass with
powerful emphasis to first beat of each bar
Boogie-woogiea percussive and propulsive jazz piano style
characterized by forceful, repeated bass figuration, almost always using
the 12-bar format of the blues
Bee Gees, Stayin’ Alive
o (lecture 9music and dance)
discoa form of dance music that dominated popular music during the
late 1970s and featured regular bass drum accents on every beat, and
frequent use of orchestral instruments and synthesizers
Jeff Mills, The Bells
o (lecture 10EDM)
techno (1980s)
started in Detroit
Stylistic characteristics
o 120-135 bpm
o Artificial sounds
Machine-generated sounds
Abrasive timbres (often mimicking sounds like car
alarms or loud factories)
A distinct lack of harmonic and melodic change
Dystopian affect (dark, sinister, brooding)
Booming kick drum
4 beat bass synthesizer loop
Long introduction to assist DJing
Hi-hats are played on the off beat to increase intensity
No melodic or harmonic change
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Document Summary

Barack obama, amazing grace (from lecture 6 music and meaning) President obama attended the funeral of rev. Clementa pinkney, who was one of the victims at a mass shooting in a black church (hate crime) Obama presented the eulogy, where he sang this. Pivotal moment in history because many people criticized obama for not being as attuned to black culture as he should be (being the first black. Krzysztof penderecki, threnody: to the victims of hiroshima (from lecture 6 music and meaning) Also k(cid:374)o(cid:449)(cid:374) as (cid:1012)(cid:859)3(cid:1011)(cid:863) (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause (cid:455)ou a(cid:396)e supposed to pla(cid:455) it i(cid:374) the ti(cid:373)e according to your watch i. e. this song should take eight minutes and thirty seven seconds to play. After thinking about it a little more, penderecki decided to dedicate this song to an event that happened in his lifetime. Entitled it as a threnody, which means to lament. The players need to learn how to read the notation before they can even learn to play.

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