Study Guides (256,443)
CA (124,652)
UTSC (8,077)
VPMB77H3 (1)

Yeah budday.

15 Pages
121 Views

Department
Music and Culture
Course Code
VPMB77H3
Professor
Dr.Fetterly

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 15 pages of the document.
Listening to Music ~ VPMA93H3S ~ Lecture Notes
Week 7: Religion and Ritual
Early Christian Vocal Music
Plainchant
Gregorian” chant
Monophonic
Varied melodies
Alternation between solo and group singing
Plainchant: Text Setting
Syllabic
Melismatic
Neumatic
Plainchant: Modes
Example: D mode or Dorian
D is the keynote
Plainchant: Rhythm
No clearly defined metre
Example 1: Kyrie (plainchant)
Roman Catholic Mass
Greek Text:
Kyrie eleison / Christe eleison / Kyrie eleison”
Lord, have mercy / Christ, have mercy / Lord, have mercy”
Mode: G mode (Mixolydian)
Text Setting: melismatic; some neumatic
Polyphony
Paris
Notre Dame Cathedral
Leonius and Perotinus
Magnus Liber Organi (Great Book of Polyphony)
Example 2: Perotinus Viderunt Omnes (four-voice polyphony) 1199
Mass for Christmas day
Monophonic sections
Choir
Free rhythm
(“essentially rhythmless Yudkin)
Polyphonic sections
www.notesolution.com
2
Solo singers
Clear rhythms
Islamic Ritual
Call to Prayer
Adhān (Arabic)
Uttered five times daily
Purpose: communicate using spoken words
Not consideredsinging” – heightened speech
Example 3: IslamicCall to Prayer”
Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar
Ashhadu an lā ilāha illa llāh
Ashhadu anna Muhammadan
rasūl Allāh
Hayya ‘alā ‘l-salāt
Hayya ‘alā ‘l-falāh
Al-Salāt khayr min al-nawn
Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar
Lā ilāha illā llāh
God is great, God is great,
I testify that there is no god but God.
I testify that Muhammad
is the prophet of God
Come to prayer.
Come to salvation.
Prayer is better than sleep.
God is great, God is great.
There is no god but God.
Musical Characteristics
Single melodic line (monophonic)
Free rhythm
Musical mode
Some improvisation
Text: Arabic
Text setting:
Neumatic / melismatic
Cultural Context
Islam
Muhammad
Sunni
Shiah
Sufi
Prayer (Five times/day facing Mecca)
Muezzin (sounds call to prayer from the minarets on mosques)
Categories of music
Non-musiqa (non-music)
Legitimate
Musiqa (music)
Some legitimate; some controversial
Sensuous music
Illegitimate
www.notesolution.com
3
Shona Spirit Possession
Mbira
thumb piano”
Twenty-two metal keys
Wooden soundboard
Bottle Caps
Gourd Resonator
Example 4 Mbira musicNhemamusasa”
Cultural Context
Shona people of Zimbabwe
Bira Ceremony
Communication with ancestors
Spirit possession
Music and the Bira Ceremony
Mbira; hosho; clapping patterns; melodies; dancing
Vocables: rhythmic syllables with no semantic meaning
Successful bira ceremony
Good mbira playing
Music enjoyed by ancestors while alive
Week 8: Dance and Drama
Capoeira
Example 1: Capoeira Angola
Cultural Context
History
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Listening to Music ~ VPMA93H3S ~ Lecture Notes Week 7: Religion and Ritual Early Christian Vocal Music Plainchant Gregorian chant Monophonic Varied melodies Alternation between solo and group singing Plainchant: Text Setting Syllabic Melismatic Neumatic Plainchant: Modes Example: D mode or Dorian D is the keynote Plainchant: Rhythm No clearly defined metre Example 1: Kyrie (plainchant) Roman Catholic Mass Greek Text: Kyrie eleison Christe eleison Kyrie eleison Lord, have mercy Christ, have mercy Lord, have mercy Mode: G mode (Mixolydian) Text Setting: melismatic; some neumatic Polyphony Paris Notre Dame Cathedral Leonius and Perotinus Magnus Liber Organi (Great Book of Polyphony) Example 2: Perotinus Viderunt Omnes (fourvoice polyphony) 1199 Mass for Christmas day Monophonic sections Choir Free rhythm (essentially rhythmless Yudkin) Polyphonic sections www.notesolution.com 2 Solo singers Clear rhythms Islamic Ritual Call to Prayer Adhn (Arabic) Uttered five times daily Purpose: communicate using spoken words Not considered singing heightened speech Example 3: Islamic Call to Prayer Allhu akbar, Allhu akbar God is great, God is great, Ashhadu an l ilha illa llh I testify that there is no god but God. Ashhadu anna Muhammadan I testify that Muhammad rasl Allh is the prophet of God Hayya al lsalt Come to prayer. Hayya al lfalh Come to salvation. AlSalt khayr min alnawn Prayer is better than sleep. Allhu akbar, Allhu akbar God is great, God is great. L ilha ill llh There is no god but God. Musical Characteristics Single melodic line (monophonic) Free rhythm Musical mode Some improvisation Text: Arabic Text setting: Neumatic melismatic Cultural Context Islam Muhammad Sunni Shiah Sufi Prayer (Five timesday facing Mecca) Muezzin (sounds call to prayer from the minarets on mosques) Categories of music Nonmusiqa (nonmusic) Legitimate Musiqa (music) Some legitimate; some controversial Sensuous music Illegitimate www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit