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Women's and Gender Studies

Women’s Studies WSTA01 Introduction to Women’s and Gender Studies Dr. V. Tahmasebi Review Lecture Important note: To understand the depth of issues discussed in this review, students must consult lecture notes and the readings Week 1: Introductory Lecture Important lecture - You Need to Know:  The distinction between sex, gender and sexuality  What is dichotomous thinking/framework and how it relates to sex and gender  Heterosexism as the dominant sexual script  Homophobia SECTION I HEALTH, SEXUALITIES AND GENDERED BODY Three Weeks: Week 2, 3, and 4 Week 2: Gendered Body – Biological Explanation You need to know:  What is Sociobiology  Sociobiology:  it is the systematic study of the biological bases of all forms of social behaviours.  argues that certain form of behaviour maximize the reproductive success while others reduce the reproductive success.  becomes human encoded in human species.  gender and gender characteristics: argues that there is a merit in the status code.  men naturally polygamous and women monogamous  gender is not a social construct, but a strategy males and females have produced to maximize their reproductive capacities.  Problems with sociobiological approach 1. teriological argument 1. to reason, to argue backward. 1. first conclude and then fill theoretical holes then search for the evidence. 2. assumes there is only one explanation for everything 3. used data selectively 4. argue some arguments are just plain wrong 5. argue athnocentrism - masculine or male pint of view as the norm 6. it as anthropomorphic - attribute human charchteristics to animals. Week 3: The Body You need to know:  The body:  As Gendered  differences are symbolic and material at both levels -inscribed on the body.  Example of material on male: circumcision.  Exampae of symbolically: women's portrayal in the media  the body can resist different forms of power - and can be manipulated.  inscribes gender norms, gender relations, onto the body, gender is the primary sight of gender idenity. - the body is already gendered.  the gender you choose changes your opinion and life possibilities.  institutions all have a say in gender institutions.  gender is not innate - you do gender, you learn it, and how to inscribe it on your body.  technologies of gender - different devices, methods that we use in our daily live to construct our bodies.  ie. make up, push-up bras.  As Sexed  compulsory heterosexuality  the body is forced to assume that men and women are forced to assume that men and women are attracted to each other and that it is not universal and this is the way they will experience arousal  they are scripted into this - heterosexual script  ie. teaches men and women how to court each other  homophobia is essential part of compulsory heterosecxuality  As a Cultural construct  body is not purely a biological entity  cultural practices leave their marks on the body.  hierarchies of body.  most desirable to the least.  the result: female bodies have historically been more vulnerable to cultural manipulation and control - everyone has a claim to women's body.  Critically analyze how all these three are describes in a dichotomous way. Week 4: The Gendered Nature of Health You need to know:  In what ways gender informs health issues  short answer (DEFINITELY!)  the rise of the discourses of science women were excluded, male dominated the profession.  male body became the norm and women's body deficient.  women live longer but we are sicker.  masculinity's define for a man to ignore health issues and plat through pain.  for women is to exercise illness and sexist biases for illnesses  female are more at risk for sexual health issues.  women are not studies enough - their health. SECTION II REPRESENTATION & CONSTRUCTION OF FEMININITY, MASCULINITY AND OTHER GENDERS Three Weeks: Week 5, 6, and 7 Week 5: Social Construction of Gender You need to know:  Social Constructionist approach to gender  argues that gender differences are not the product of biologicla properties  opposed to sociobiological (comapre and contrast -essay)  gender is not a property of the indivudual but of social relations  Five levels of social construction of gender  1. individual  2. interactional  3. institutional  4. sociocultural  5. global gender order  from micro to macro leve  What is gender socialization  process by which individual quies : gender identi
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