Summary on the Social Construction of Gender reading.

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The Social Construction of Gender t Main Points
- Gender inequality t ZÀoµ]}v}(ZÁ}uv[vZ}]o}u]v]}v}(Zuv[Z
functions and a social history
- Not the result of sex, physiology, hormones or genetic predispositions
- It is produced/maintained by identifiable social processes and built into the general social
structure and individual identities deliberately
- Social order in Western societies organized around race, class, gender inequality
- The continuing purpose of gender as a modern social institution is to construct women as a
group to be the subordinates of men as a group
- ^^Z]ZZvµZÇu[(µv]}v]vP_
- For humans, the social is the natural
- Gender cannot mean simply the cultural appropriation of biological sexual difference
- Sexual difference is a fundamental construction
The Social Construction of Gender t Detailed Notes
- ÀÇ}vZ}Pv[Á]Z}µZ]vl]vP}µ]
- Gender signs and signals so ubiquitous that we usually fail to notice them unless they are
missing t we feel uncomfortable until we have successfully placed the other person in a gender
status; otherwise, feel socially dislocated
- In addition to men and women, a person can be transvestite (dresses in opposite gender
clothes), transsexual (person who has had a sex-change)
- Gender construction starts with assignment to a sex category in the basis of what the genitalia look like at
birth
- A sex category becomes a gender status through naming, dress
- Sexual feelings and desires have been shaped by gendered norms and expectations
- As a social institution, gender is one of the major ways human beings organize their lives
- One way of choosing people for the different tasks of society is on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity t
ascribed membership in a category of people
- Every society uses gender and age grades
- dZ}}(Pv]vPv]}µ}u]oP]]uÇo]P]}vUoÁUY}]Ç[v]}(
values
- tv}]Ç[ÀoµoP]]uPv]vPÇo]u]vP]}u(}uZÇ]}o}PÇ
- But gender and sex are not equivalent
- Gender as a social construction does not flow automatically from genitalia and reproductive
organs > they are crude markers
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Document Summary

The social construction of gender j main points. Not the result of sex, physiology, hormones or genetic predispositions. It is produced/maintained by identifiable social processes and built into the general social structure and individual identities deliberately. Social order in western societies organized around race, class, gender inequality. The continuing purpose of gender as a modern social institution is to construct women as a group to be the subordinates of men as a group. Gender cannot mean simply the cultural appropriation of biological sexual difference. The social construction of gender j detailed notes. Gender signs and signals so ubiquitous that we usually fail to notice them unless they are missing j we feel uncomfortable until we have successfully placed the other person in a gender status; otherwise, feel socially dislocated. In addition to men and women, a person can be transvestite (dresses in opposite gender clothes), transsexual (person who has had a sex-change)

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