A helful study guide covering ALL theories

Women's and Gender Studies
Course Code
Victoria Tahmasebi

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WSTA03- Review
Postmodern Feminism
and Queer
Colonial Feminism
1.Definition of human nature/identity/self
autonomous, isolated ,self-interested
the woman is fundamentally the same as man
Individuals possess self consciousness and free will
Individuals are essentially isolated
Individuals intrinsically self-interested
The human can be abstracted
Human nature is not neutral

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WSTA03- Review
Born with sexed bodies
Gender behaviors, roles, scripts, identities are then written on sexed bodies
Sex-gender regime = hierarchy
Sex-gender system:a set of arrangements by which a society transforms biological sexuality into products of human activity”
Men and Women are different:
Either by nature OR nurture
- totally wrong- human nature cannot be understood with sex gender system
Not what liberalism claim
Human nature =ability to produce our means of subsistence
We meet our basic needs through productive activities
Humans are laboring animals
We are who we are because of what we produce
Agree with Liberalism that there is an underlying sameness between men and women
Both men and women are oppressed by capitalism
The interests of men and women are not crucially different
What divides us is class difference not gender
Sigmund Freud:
human is born with a basic psychological structure
Sexual drive as the most important component
The Id, Ego and Superego
Id & Superego: continuing battle
Ego: in the center trying to keep them apart
No fixed nature
born within a web of linguistic, cultural, & social relations
No fixed identity
Identity: fluid, ever changing and sometimes contradictory

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WSTA03- Review
Subject: a system of signs created through difference and dichotomizing
Queer Theory
There are more than two genders and sexual preferences; none abnormal
Heterosexuality is only one way of being sexed and gendered
The more patriarchal the society the more push to box people into two mutually exclusive genders
Genders & sexualities are not fixed
Genders and sexualities are a function of representation
Heterogeneous body of scholarly work
Pays attention to discourse and ideology of colonialism
Studies the symbolic and material effects of subjugation under colonialism and after
The voice of women who are located at the peripheries of Western powers
•Inseparable from the individuals’ location in the global social and political context
Influenced and shaped by colonial power relations
Rejects universalist and unitary conceptions of human nature
•Not separate from the natural environment
•Ecology: the relationship between organisms and their environment
•Economic & social formations create their own specific relationship with nature
•Industrial capitalist societies:
–ongoing conversion of Nature into industrial products
–dominates the nature
•Since 17th century:
–nature as theother”
–violence against the nature
Violence: not accidental
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