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Final

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23 Pages
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Department
Women's and Gender Studies
Course Code
WSTA03H3
Professor
Victoria Tahmasebi

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Are you in anthroFEMINIST THEORIES FINAL
1.Feminist Theory
What is theory? It is more than just an speculation. It involves critical thinking, reflection, and
analysis.
-Theory is a set of abstract principles which is the outcome of the analysis of given facts in their
relation to one another
Theory effects- challenges common sense, questions assumptions, and offers an alternative
explanation.
What is feminism?
-studying and understanding gender as a system of cultural signs
-these cultural signs have direct effect on how we live
-The present gender systems is structured by a binary opposition--masculine/feminine
-This binary privileges men more often than women
-Qualification: other binary oppositions are always at work
-Feminism thinks these facts are wrong and need to be changed
Feminist theory is concerned with womens inequality. They examine the conditions in which men
are powerful than women. It explains the construction of masculinity and femininity.
2.Liberal feminist theory
Their definition of human nature:
-What distinguishes us from other species is our reason. We are rational and autonomous (we are
isolated).
-We possess self-consciousness and free will.
-We are intrinsically self-interested
Who are women?
-They believe women are fundamentally the same as men.
-Women should be able to do what men do.
Womens position in society?
1
www.notesolution.com
-They believe that the public and private spheres have imprisoned women into the private sphere
which creates ‘invisible barriers for them.
The solution?
-Women should receive equal rights as men in the labour market.
-The value of womens autonomy’ and freedom.
-Reform rather than revolution.
-Equal access to opportunities
-Equal Redistribution of benefits and opportunities among men and women
Achievements:
-The attainment of womens legal equality with men
-Equality of men and women before the law
-Affirmative action- a strategy developed to redress the gender, racial, and ethnic differences in
workplaces and schools.
-Abortion as a womans right.
-highlighting violence against women
Critiques:
-Its conception of human nature or the self:
*Women are socialized to be interdependent and emotional
*Womens sense of self is not abstract but situated and concrete
*Women do not live by reason, autonomy and self-isolation alone
-It values the so called male traits.
-It equates male being with human being, maybe saying women are not human beings?
-It essentializes femininity and masculinity. That you must either have masculine traits or feminine,
nothing in between.
-It does not fully acknowledge racism, classism and heterosexism.
-They focus on heterosexual relationships and two-parent families that are middle-class.
3.Radical feminist theory
2
www.notesolution.com
Human nature/self?
-Human nature is not neutral
-Born with sexed bodies
-Gender behaviors, roles, scripts, identities are then written on sexed bodies
-Sex-gender regime = hierarchy
-Sex-gender system: a set of arrangements by which a society transforms biological sexuality into
products of human activity
-Men and Women are different: Either by nature OR nurture
Who are women?
-Someone who must be celebrated
-Not an inferior sex
-No need to try/pretend to be the same as men
-Equality does not mean sameness (remember liberal feminism)
-Some radical feminists: womanhood embodies goodness
-A world made by women: worm, supportive, nurturing and full of creativity
Cause of womens oppression?
-Women are oppresses as women
-The existing sex-gender regimes
-Patriarchy: the social systems of male domination; the rule of men
-Three usage of Patriarchy: Historical, Materialist, and Psychological
-Women are oppressed because of their sex
-Sexual oppression: the oldest form of inequality
Solution?
-Shared oppression = sisterhood of women
-Must forge political and social bonds
-Men as a group are the beneficiaries of patriarchy and system of male supremacy
-This does not mean that all men are invariably oppressive to all women at all the time
3
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Are you in anthroFEMINIST THEORIES FINAL 1. Feminist Theory What is theory? It is more than just an speculation. It involves critical thinking, reflection, and analysis. - Theory is a set of abstract principles which is the outcome of the analysis of given facts in their relation to one another Theory effects- challenges common sense, questions assumptions, and offers an alternative explanation. What is feminism? - studying and understanding gender as a system of cultural signs - these cultural signs have direct effect on how we live - The present gender systems is structured by a binary opposition--masculinefeminine - This binary privileges men more often than women - Qualification: other binary oppositions are always at work - Feminism thinks these facts are wrong and need to be changed Feminist theory is concerned with womens inequality. They examine the conditions in which men are powerful than women. It explains the construction of masculinity and femininity. 2. Liberal feminist theory Their definition of human nature: - What distinguishes us from other species is our reason. We are rational and autonomous (we are isolated). - We possess self-consciousness and free will. - We are intrinsically self-interested Who are women? - They believe women are fundamentally the same as men. - Women should be able to do what men do. Womens position in society? 1 www.notesolution.com - They believe that the public and private spheres have imprisoned women into the private sphere which creates invisible barriers for them. The solution? - Women should receive equal rights as men in the labour market. - The value of womens autonomy and freedom. - Reform rather than revolution. - Equal access to opportunities - Equal Redistribution of benefits and opportunities among men and women Achievements: - The attainment of womens legal equality with men - Equality of men and women before the law - Affirmative action- a strategy developed to redress the gender, racial, and ethnic differences in workplaces and schools. - Abortion as a womans right. - highlighting violence against women Critiques: - Its conception of human nature or the self: *Women are socialized to be interdependent and emotional *Womens sense of self is not abstract but situated and concrete *Women do not live by reason, autonomy and self-isolation alone - It values the so called male traits. - It equates male being with human being, maybe saying women are not human beings? - It essentializes femininity and masculinity. That you must either have masculine traits or feminine, nothing in between. - It does not fully acknowledge racism, classism and heterosexism. - They focus on heterosexual relationships and two-parent families that are middle-class. 3. Radical feminist theory 2 www.notesolution.com
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