Study Guides (258,787)
CA (125,011)
UTSG (8,541)
ANT (265)
ANT100Y1 (103)
Final

Lecture 1-6 Final Exam Review Study Guide Apr 8 2009

3 Pages
165 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Socio-Cultural Lectures (Condensed)
LECTURE 1: Cultured Beasts
x What is Culture?
o Learned, shared, dynamic, functional, conflictive
x Ethnocentric: Putting own culture in top
x Ethnocentric Evolutionists
o ³$UP&KDLU3KDVH´ZRUNLQJIURPRIILFH-> Field Work/Participation Observation
o Ex: Malinowski
Australia= Native Village (Trobian Islanders)
Learned language, lived with natives, participate observation, field work- committed himself to culture for 2 yrs
x Comparative Method: Thinking about difference
x Reflexive AntKURSRORJ\³/RRNLQJRYHUIHQFH´DWGLIIHUHQWZD\VRIGRLQJWKLQJV
LECTURE 2: The Power of Culture and The Culture of Power
x Learning Culture
o Starts from birth (taught directly)-> absorbed-> emulation (copying)-> testing cultural meaning (correcting ourselves if necessary)
x Myths
o Magical stories, Complex, symbolic tales, tell moral stories
o Contemporary myths: displayed in movies
x Analyzing Myths
o Functionalist (Cognitive)
Myths teach us about our place in nature, supernatural forces, and give us clues as to where we fit in the grand scheme
of things
Function of myths is to satisfy our questions about the world that would otherwise be difficult to answer (where do we
come from? Why are we here?)
o Structuralist (Claude Levi-Strauss, Symbolic Analysis, Universal Human Problems)
Analyze the symbols found in the myth (main characters, events, themes, types)
Myths never perfectly resolve the problem
Myths become subtly adjusted to reflect present reality
Give us a way to talk about difficult human problems
x **MOVIE**
o Lord of the Rings & Chronicles
Moral tale about how to live in human life
Reinforces power, authority and hierarchy, organized military (Power= good/bad)
Allow some ppl to be in power as long as we choose the noble/just
x Integrative/Exploitative Theories of Social Stratification
o How are ppl convinced to live in hierarchal societies?
o Integrated Theory
Hierarchy is necessary for keeping peace and organizing society
LECTURE 3: The Price of Progress: Feast & Famine
x Agricultural Revolution
o Agriculture: using domesticated plants/animals
o Labour
Foraging-> domestic (More labour required)
Increase in pop, specialized jobs, surpluses
o Property
Energy intensive farming, soil (infinite)
Fallow: using land one year then not next to grow crops
Land=private property (invest hard work, time, money- GRWZDQWWRVKDUH
o Consequences
Pop increase, land possession->social hierarchies= inequality (in regards to access to food/land), poverty, warfare,
epidemics, diseases (from domesticating animals, living in close knits groups), low life expectancy
o Positives
Occupational specialization, urban living, writing systems invented
x Contemporary Diet
o Farming-> machinery= oil/petroleum (more efficient/replacing human labour->surpluses of food)
o Fertilizers: physical compound given to plant to promote growth
o Pesticides: substance used to kill pests
o ³2LODJULFXOWXUH´ FDSLWDOLQWHQVLYHODUJHVFDOHIDUPV
o Field-> table= dependent of oil byproducts (processing/packaging/transport.)
o Consequences= toxic run-off, erosion, damaging soil structure
o Sustainability: Not consume/destroy nonrenewable resources
o Our system is not supporting a sustainable method
Changing what people eat is not simple
Food is deeply cultural and political (not neutral)
x Famine
o Famine: Severe shortage of food, lasting for a long period of time
o Starvation= worldwide, found everywhere
o Massive ability to produce food, yet living amongst us people are still going hungry
o Shortage is not problem, but rather the meaning of accessing food ($$)
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Socio-Cultural Lectures (Condensed) LECTURE 1: Cultured Beasts N What is Culture? o Learned, shared, dynamic, functional, conflictive N Ethnocentric: Putting own culture in top N Ethnocentric Evolutionists o 72K,L7!K,80 Z47NL3J1742411L.0 -> Field WorkParticipation Observation o Ex: Malinowski Australia= Native Village (Trobian Islanders) Learned language, lived with natives, participate observation, field work- committed himself to culture for 2 yrs N Comparative Method: Thinking about difference N Reflexive AntK7454O4J44NL3J4;07103.0,9L1107039Z,8414L3J9KL3J8 LECTURE 2: The Power of Culture and The Culture of Power N Learning Culture o Starts from birth (taught directly)-> absorbed-> emulation (copying)-> testing cultural meaning (correcting ourselves if necessary) N Myths o Magical stories, Complex, symbolic tales, tell moral stories o Contemporary myths: displayed in movies N Analyzing Myths o Functionalist (Cognitive) Myths teach us about our place in nature, supernatural forces, and give us clues as to where we fit in the grand scheme of things Function of myths is to satisfy our questions about the world that would otherwise be difficult to answer (where do we come from? Why are we here?) o Structuralist (Claude Levi-Strauss, Symbolic Analysis, Universal Human Problems) Analyze the symbols found in the myth (main characters, events, themes, types) Myths never perfectly resolve the problem Myths become subtly adjusted to reflect present reality Give us a way to talk about difficult human problems N **MOVIE** o Lord of the Rings & Chronicles Moral tale about how to live in human life Reinforces power, authority and hierarchy, organized military (Power= goodbad) Allow some ppl to be in power as long as we choose the noblejust N IntegrativeExploitative Theories of Social Stratification o How are
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit