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Socio-Cultural Ethnographic Examples Terminology

4 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

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SOCIO-CULTURAL TEXTBOOK: ETHNOGRAPHIC EXAMPLES/TERMINOLOGY
CHAPTER 1: Culture and Meaning
x Culture the system of meanings about the nature of experience that are shaped by people and passed on from
one generation to another
x Ethnocentric Fallacy the idea that our beliefs/behaviours are right/true, while those of others are wrong/misguided
x Ethnocentrism the tendency to judge the beliefs/behaviours of other cultures from the perspective of ones culture
x Relativism attempt to understand the beliefs/behaviours of other cultures in terms of the culture in which they are
found
x Relativistic Fallacy it is impossible to make moral judgments about the beliefs/behaviours of members of other cultures
x Objectivity state/quality ob being objective
x Morality quality of being in accordance with standards of right/good conduct
x Politically Committed
Anthropology anthropologists must serve as witnesses and reporters of human rights abuses and the suffering of the
poor/oppressed
x Ethnographic Method immersion of researchers in the lives and cultures of the peoples they are trying to understand in order to
comprehend the meanings these people ascribe to existence
x Participation Observation active participation of researcher/observer in the lives of those being studied
x Marginal Person an outsider who knows only something of what it is to be an insider
x Cultural Text a way of thinking about culture as a text of significant symbols (words, gestures, drawings)
x Turkey Virginity testing- related to way Turkish villagers explain reproductive process
Young women- avoid sexual relations before marriage (not applicable to men)
x Wari Consume dead: fit with dealing with their emotions/meaning they impose on the world
%XU\LQJERG\ZDVFRQVLGHUHG³GLUW\´
x Santa Carina (MEX) World controlled by- witches/spiritual forces
x Bali Balinese shy about open conflict-> cockfights- demonstrate the struggle for status in everyday life
Outcomes of fight translate to status
x CDN Hockey Ritual (brings ppl together w/ common focus)
Hockey affirms values of success, builds character, cooperation
Violence and competition are part of everyday CDN life, hockey shows how both are important to CDNs
x Happy Meal American demographic, ecological patterns, agricultural/industrial history, gender roles (w/ toys)
Chapter 2: Progress and Development
x Hadza nomadic farmers; Tanzania; women responsible for collecting food; meat is only thing considered as food
x Ju/Hoansi foragers; struggle w/ limited tech to obtain food; spent many hrs/wk collecting for vegetables (80% diet)
x Population Density number of people living in an given area
x Consequences of High
Population Densities simple agriculture is consequences of pop growth; growing own crops
x Potatoe Production New Guinea; slash/burn; energy cost per calorie= lower than US (who much more)
Western agriculture= wasteful/inefficient
x Textiles in England/India India produces cheaper clothe (compared to ENG)
English factories= copy Indian textiles-> destroyed Indian market
x Opium Trade China British demanded/received additional trading rights to china= opening up market for opium/textiles
Increased opium addicts in china, and exports from England-> India/China
x US Slavery Slaves= Africa-> US (cotton production); cheap labour
x Cherokee Indian Tribes; large plots of land: Carolina, Georgia
Thousands of acres of land taken from Indian-> cotton production
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Description
SOCIO-CULTURAL TEXTBOOK: ETHNOGRAPHIC EXAMPLESTERMINOLOGY CHAPTER 1: Culture and Meaning N Culture the system of meanings about the nature of experience that are shaped by people and passed on from one generation to another N Ethnocentric Fallacy the idea that our beliefsbehaviours are righttrue, while those of others are wrongmisguided N Ethnocentrism the tendency to judge the beliefsbehaviours of other cultures from the perspective of ones culture N Relativism attempt to understand the beliefsbehaviours of other cultures in terms of the culture in which they are found N Relativistic Fallacy it is impossible to make moral judgments about the beliefsbehaviours of members of other cultures N Objectivity statequality ob being objective N Morality quality of being in accordance with standards of rightgood conduct N Politically Committed Anthropology anthropologists must serve as witnesses and reporters of human rights abuses and the suffering of the pooroppressed N Ethnographic Method immersion of researchers in the lives and cultures of the peoples they are trying to understand in order to comprehend the meanings these people ascribe to existence N Participation Observation active participation of researcherobserver in the lives of those being studied N Marginal Person an outsider who knows only something of what it is to be an insider N Cultural Text a way of thinking about culture as a text of significant symbols (words, gestures, drawings) N Turkey Virginity testing- related to way Turkish villagers explain reproductive process Young women- avoid sexual relations before marriage (not applicable to men) N Wari Consume dead: fit with dealing with their emotionsmeaning they impose on the world :7L3J-4Z,8.438L070L79 N Santa Carina (MEX) World controlled by- witchesspiritual forces N Bali Balinese shy about open conflict-> cockfights- demonstrate the struggle for status in everyday life Outcomes of fight translate to status N CDN Hockey Ritual (brings ppl together w common focus) Hockey affirms values of success, builds character, cooperation Violence and competition are part of everyday CDN life, hockey shows how both are important to CDNs N Happy Meal American demographic, ecological patterns, agriculturalindustrial history, gender roles (w toys) Chapter 2: Progress and Development N Hadza nomadic farmers; Tanzania; women responsible for collecting food; meat is only thing considered as food N JuHoansi foragers; struggle w limited tech to obtain food; spent many hrswk collecting for vegetables (80% diet) N Population Density number of people living in an given area N Consequences of High Population Densities simple agriculture is consequences of pop growth; growing own crops N Potatoe Production New Guinea; slashburn; energy cost per calorie= lower than US (who much more) Western agriculture= wastefulinefficient N Textiles in EnglandIndia India produces cheaper clothe (compared to ENG) English factories= copy Indian textiles-> destroyed Indian market N Opium Trade China British demandedreceived additional trading rights to china= opening up market for opiumtextiles Increased opium addicts in china, and exports from England-> IndiaChina N US Slavery Slaves= Africa-> US (cotton production); cheap labour N Cherokee Indian Tribes; large plots of land: Carolina, Georgia Thousands of acres of land taken from Indian-> cotton production www.notesolution.com
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