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Full Evolutionary Anthropology Notes.docx


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Ivan Kalmar

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Introduction to Anthropology Evolutionary
Anthropology 12/18/2012 5:13:00 PM
DAY 1 SEPT 13
Four different fields
Evolutionary
Archaeology
Linguistic/simeotic(?)
Social/cultural
Developed in 19th century
Anthropologists used to be people who described outside world to a
local community
o Reported physical description of foreign people
o Intellectual culture of other people
o Monuments they built
Archaeologists recreated culture through artefacts
Linguists explained their language
Social used knowledge to enforce culture in colonies
Basically reporters of exotic lands and civilizations at the time
Today‟s anthropologists are very different
Not just by western cultures anymore, studies encompass entire
world rather than just exotic people
Interested in all facets of life artefacts, society, language
Not strong believers in cultural effects on society
Section 1: Evolutionary Anthropology
Dr. Shawn Lehman AP404A (19 Russel St.) Tues 2-3pm
Application of modern evolu. Theory to studies of morphology,
ecology, and behavior of human/non-human primates
o Natural Selection
o Mutations
o Genetic Drift (only limited # of individuals will reproduce)
o Gene Flow (movements of genes from one population to
another)
About diversity of life on Earth
o Evolution loves insects it seems
Five disciplines
o Primatology
Study of non-human primates

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Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate
psychology
Seek to conserve primates in tropical ecosystems
o Paleoanthropology
Bio. Evolution of humans and non-human primates
Advent of and changes in human cultural activities
Evo. History of behavior in human/non primates
o Human Variation
Spatial and temporal variations in human features
Geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin
colour, eye colour
What does it mean to be this variable yet the same
species?
o Medical Anthropology
Why is heart still one of most likely to fail organs?
Cultural and medical
o Forensic Anthropology
Most applied aspect in all of Evolutionary Anthropology
TV Shows like CSI
Study of remains?
Section 2: Linguistic/Semiotic
Semiotic language in signs rather than just words
o Sign is a symbol pictures are signs
o Signs are ways of representing/standing for things
o All words are signs and all pictures are signs representating
Re-present-ation to re-give you something
Representation <- -> communication
Communication
Representation
Identity
o Defined largely by how we communicate
Section 3: Social Cultural Anthropology
The study of contemporary human society and culture
Not interested in physical evolution human culture, actions, belfs.
Overlap between linguistic and social anthro.
Culture

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o Diverse ways people live around the world
Ethnography
o Study of particular culture (methods)
Field work primary
o Way that anthros. Represent work to others
Kinship
o Way that people think about their relatedness to others
o Who is related to whom, marriage rules, habitation rules
Gender
o Role division b.t. men and women in society
Politics
o nature conservation
o social hierarchy
Economics
o Agriculture, commerce
Religion
o Ways that people conceptualize the world
o Religious change and systems
Myth and Ritual
Colonization
o Introduction of world wide economic system
Globalization
o Increasing political and economic connectedness around the
world
Day 2 Sept 20
Section 1: Evolutionary Anthropology
www.Anthro.sa.utoronto.ca
Dr. Shawn Lehmen Tues 2-3 AP404A (19 Russell St.)
Week 1 Chapters 1-2
Section goals
Historical development of biological science
Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity
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