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Homonid Study Chart


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT203Y1
Professor
Began

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Date Location Brain
and
Skull
Teeth and
Jaw
Limbs
and
Fingers/T
oes
Other
notables
Classificati
on
Early
Miocene (23-
17 Ma)
Proconsul 20-
17Ma
Kenya -primate-
like but
modern
limbs, equal
in length,
graspy
hands, no
tail
Hominoid
Afropithecus 17.5
Ma
Kenya,
Saudi
Arabia
-large jaws and
teeth
-limbs
similar to
proconsul
-could eat a
wide range of
foods with its
stronger teeth,
so it
outcompeted
Proconsul?
Hominoid
Middle
Miocene (17-
11.5Ma)
Griphopithec
us
16.5-
14Ma
Europe and
Turkey
-massive jaw
compared to
Proconsul
-thick enamel
-flat molars
-persistent
singulum
Hominid
Equatorius 15Ma Kenya -smaller jaws
and teeth
-proconsul-
like limbs
-lacked
suspensory
adaptation
Hominid
Late
Miocene
(11.5-5.2Ma)
Dryopithecus 12.5-
9.5M
a
Spain to
Georgia,
wide range
-
moderately
long face
-large
brain
-frugivorous
dentition
(slender jaw,
small teeth,
thin enamel)
-smaller front
teeth than
chimp
-suspensory
locomotion
-chimp-like in
many ways, but
no knuckle
walking and
smaller over all
Hominid
Ouranopithec
us
9.5-
9Ma
Greece -brain size
unknown
-similar
face to
dryo
-powerful jaws
-large teeth,
thick enamel
-Dryo on
steroids
Hominid
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