taxes collected in the country side were used to pay debt rather than establish the
country. Haiti only built 32 secondary schools in a country of 8 million people in 200
3.US Imperialism, (1915-1934)
the marine core invades Haiti
what provoked the invasion was to protect economic ventures. There was a proposed
Haitian law to prevent outside ownership of Haitian land.
the Americans cared about Haiti, carribean etc because 1. Militarily concerned
about the places they didn’t control being so close to their boarders ( Americas
backyard comes out of this period) 2. Recalling what happened with England and
the industrial revolution. Americans industrialize (last 20-30 years of the 19th
century) they need a constant supply to supply the expanding market. They looked
int heir backyard to supply these demands.
pretext was that it had become unstable,
thousands of Haitians killed and jailed, many of the marines were appalled and
terrified about what they were asked to do. Slaves used to build roads, workers were
abused and underfed
usa had controlled bank, sugar , etc left behind an army that would threaten the
nation for 50 years
1947 finances were controlled up until this date ( till the French were paid) then
Haitians regain control
1956- francois Duvalier- papa doc, calls himself a doctor by training ( never was)
succeeded by jean paul Duvalier ( baby doc) the father and son rule Haiti in a
4.Duvalier Reign of Terror
military are complicit, dictatorship, noones bothering to rise up
things begin to change in world economy etc.
a real push towards free trade- opening up boarders and moving productions all over
the world. The producers in our countries begin to complain that labour is too
expensive to make a profit, so they ask gov to move production over seas
promise of new jobs, but these jobs are badly paid.
marines have to go get him _____ insipiant revolution happening
he is able to establish export production zones (EPZ) a fenced in area that is no
longer local soil, it would be international) you coud say they were produced in ur
own country and the export/import taxes were not applied.
duvalier is removed ( baby doc) because he is a terrible manager
allows there to be a free and fair election
5. Canadian Involvement in the 2004 Coup Against Aristide
Jean Bertrand Aristide- priest in port au prince , new the issues of poor hatians and
offered to represent them,