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Haiti Lecture One

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Leslie Jermyn

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Haiti Part One
1. Haitian History in Breif
kreole , santo damingo,
in the latter part of the 1500s other European countries decided they wanted parts
in the new world. Began competing through pirating
French established a colony off the coast called Tortuga, they hunted wild bores and
then sold the cured meats. ( buccaneers )
in 1697- ( treaty of Ryswick) sandoming, france converted it to a great colony, did it
by importing African slaves and forced them to grow sugar canes. Primary wealth
was coming out of sugar produced through slave economy.
1789- French revolution, sandoming accounted for __ of French trade.
end of 1700s it was a powder cake- ready to explode- whites/mulatos/ slaves
the mulatos had established themselves as the banker class
the slave uprisings , this powdercake began to explode.
1804- Haitian independence. french withdraw . first non white colony to establish
its independence from a white colony. Profound significance at the time
there were a lot of people who still believed in their right to own slaves.
The new elite is the efrenchies / mulatos, the begin to control the government and
leave the africans without any power
2. Colonial Reprecussions
the levels that existed before independence still exist, and they are / did not get out
from under the economic guilt of colonialism until 1947, continued economic
enslavement. Once Haiti establishes independence , france sends the gun boats back
to Haiti, they will invade again unless they pay repercussions
the us back the French as they could not stand the idea of a coloured nation being
demanded the payment of 150 million franks. Profits that would have gone to
French government.
lousiana was sold for 60 million, which was much larger than haiti, but black
republic should pay 150 , although they had no money to their name. since they
have to borrow it , they have to borrow from French banks. Eventually reduced the
bill to 90 million franks.
forced to grow their own food, prohibited from socializing after midnight. The entire
hatian revolution had been planned by midnight planning. These people could not
organize themselves.
small scale commerce or trade was prohibited. They could not sell produce, and
make profit amongst themselves, only among urban centers. Means of production to
funnel through government in order to establish profit.
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taxes collected in the country side were used to pay debt rather than establish the
country. Haiti only built 32 secondary schools in a country of 8 million people in 200
3.US Imperialism, (1915-1934)
the marine core invades Haiti
what provoked the invasion was to protect economic ventures. There was a proposed
Haitian law to prevent outside ownership of Haitian land.
the Americans cared about Haiti, carribean etc because 1. Militarily concerned
about the places they didnt control being so close to their boarders ( Americas
backyard comes out of this period) 2. Recalling what happened with England and
the industrial revolution. Americans industrialize (last 20-30 years of the 19th
century) they need a constant supply to supply the expanding market. They looked
int heir backyard to supply these demands.
pretext was that it had become unstable,
thousands of Haitians killed and jailed, many of the marines were appalled and
terrified about what they were asked to do. Slaves used to build roads, workers were
abused and underfed
usa had controlled bank, sugar , etc left behind an army that would threaten the
nation for 50 years
1947 finances were controlled up until this date ( till the French were paid) then
Haitians regain control
1956- francois Duvalier- papa doc, calls himself a doctor by training ( never was)
succeeded by jean paul Duvalier ( baby doc) the father and son rule Haiti in a
horrible way.
4.Duvalier Reign of Terror
military are complicit, dictatorship, noones bothering to rise up
things begin to change in world economy etc.
a real push towards free trade- opening up boarders and moving productions all over
the world. The producers in our countries begin to complain that labour is too
expensive to make a profit, so they ask gov to move production over seas
promise of new jobs, but these jobs are badly paid.
marines have to go get him _____ insipiant revolution happening
he is able to establish export production zones (EPZ) a fenced in area that is no
longer local soil, it would be international) you coud say they were produced in ur
own country and the export/import taxes were not applied.
duvalier is removed ( baby doc) because he is a terrible manager
allows there to be a free and fair election
5. Canadian Involvement in the 2004 Coup Against Aristide
Jean Bertrand Aristide- priest in port au prince , new the issues of poor hatians and
offered to represent them,
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