Introduction to Anthropology
ANT 100 Y 1
Thursday September 16 , 2010
On the other hand, we are in an anthropological revolution where we are looking at our Western culture
Biological/evolutionary anthropology: the application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of
morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. It affects us every day through
Primatology: study of old and new primates.
Palenotological anthropology : DINOSAURS :D
Human Variation: We come in all shapes, sizes, hair colours, etc. On the other hand, there are
Medical anthropology: What does it mean to be sick? Why do we have cancer? Why do we heart
Exploring the legal implication of being a forensic anthropologist.
Archaeology: Apparently the coolest? Very much associated with colonialism and the Enlightenment.
The discipline unfolded in the 18 century but the origins of it helped us interpret material history.
Excavate Artifact Ceramic site
Context Lithics radiocarbon dating Band/tribe/chiefdom
Feature Tradition material culture food production
Cave man hunting & gathering ]ZZ[ archaeological culture
Funerary customs complex society
www.notesolution.com Linguistic & Semiotic: The study of language in culture and semiotic ways of communicating. Language
ideas are filtered out.
Social and cultural anthropology: Profile of the living people in terms of what they thought, believed,
did, expressed themselves in terms of art and organized their peoples. The study of the diversity of
people in the world as of the present and the recent past. Ethnography is the study of a society, the
ways they relate to one another, how they married, their religion, the economy, their ways of farming,
gender relations, etc. Some customs or practices may seem strange at first glance, but the point of this
by culture influences.
Culture: The learned set of ideals and behaviours acquired by people in a society.
N Look at a worldwide commodity, sugar, and describe the history and culture of it with reference
N Prepare a kinship chart of your own family with at least three generations, assign a name to
everyone, put yourself in it, look at this set of relations and how they interact (when do people
eat together? Who exchanges crap?)
N Study of the culture within the society of chimps.
N Another BIO research topic focuses on question about validity of species designation for the
N Summarize the various aspects of the Stonehenge Riverside Project and describe how this
research is helping to shed new light on this important and complex time in European
N With reference to various specimens, your job in this paper will be to comment upon the
theories that have been put forward to explain the meaning and function of the Venus figurines.
1. Historical development of biological science
2. Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity
Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour of
human and non-human primates.
5 research disciplines in evolutionary anthropology
N Scientific study of monkeys
N Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems.
N Multidisciplinary study of:
o Biological evolution of monkeys and humans
o Advent of and changes in human cultural activities
N Spatial and temporal variations in human features
N How social, environmental and viological factors influence health and illness of people at the
community, regional and global levels.
N Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
N Forensic anthropologists seek to determine age, sex, stature, ancestry , and any trauma or
disease of the deceased.
Major questions about humans and biology:
N How does evolution work and how does it apply to us?
N What are viological characteristics of our species
N What is physical record of our evolution? (paleo)
Stanley gathered few trophies racing slow rabbits.
State the problem
Form a hypothesis
Test the hypothesis
Record and analyze data
Repeat the work.
www.notesolution.com Early anthropologists
Carolus Linnaeus, 1707-1778
1 comprehensive classification system for living things
N Each living thing named separate species
N On the basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into broader categories called genera
N First letter of genus is capitalized, like so: Homo
N Species designations always lower case like so: sapiens.
N Off-set text
Linnaeus NOT an evolutionist
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788)
N Founded biogeography: despite similar environments, different regions have distinct plants and
N Acquired traits developed through use or disuse, passed on to future generations
N Among first to formulate method for origination of new species through use or disuse of certain
characters of organism
N Naturalist on HMS Beagle, scientific expediti}L}9
N Observed incredible variety of living and especially fossilized creatures
N Conclusion: no fixity of species and notion on short, catastrophic geological history for earth
must be incorrect
Variation important in evolution
N Physical variety in any population or organisms
N If variety provides advantage to certain individuals, then they may produce more offspring.
N These offspring inherit beneficial variation, so they produce more offspring: variation norm of
N Population may change, perhaps completely new & different species.
How does adaptive change occur?