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Final Lecture ANT207.doc

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Tania Li

FINAL LECTURE Globalization's Core Challenge • Is it recognition? o Right to be different • Or is it distribution? o Right to a fair share in context of gross inequality o Fair share of global resources in the context of inequality • James Ferguson o Thinking about globalization and is it recognition or comparison? o There is always a hierarchy→ everyone is always struggling to move up • Easier to recognize cultural difference than deal with questions of inequality because that has to do with distribution Globalization and Recognition • Is culture becoming uniform? o Not actually because people are still making efforts to highlight ethnic and cultural boundaries • Rise of identity politics • Ethnicity, religion revitalized o Highly identified that the person will present themselves mainly with that identity ALSO • Hybrids (cultural mixing) o Problem is that it assumes the cultures were different to begin with o Cultures are not that bounded to start with • Creoles, modifications o What are the power relations going on? What is and isn't acceptable? • Creative cultural adaptations? o Should this be celebrated or is it imperialism? • Cultural imperialism, duress o People aren't really free to pick and choose and that there are accepted and non-accepted forms of hybridity Globalization and Indigeneity • Risk of annihilation - less now o There is some protection of indigenous people • Cultural imperialism - persists? o Amazon → faced with the loss of land against logging corporations and other expansive ventures o Kayapo→ Were able to team up with Brazilian urban-based anthropologists, journalists, etc. that lept to the defense of the indigenous population not with the idea that they have the territory belongs to them but rather the Amazonians were nature conservationists o Strategic essentialism→ emphasize difference, fit niche • Eg. Conservation, nature, culture • But some Kayapo leaders allowed logging company to cut down some timber o Had showed them that the territory was theirs when people fought for them Inequality and Boundaries • Rich can choose to travel, become cosmopolitan, select culture, cuisine - on own terms • Poor, travel as workers, refugees, illegals; forced to adapt • "tradition"/religion as means to assert some control Globalization and Inequality • Modernize, copy, and prosper? o As most colonies gained independence they were expected to follow the same pathway as their colonizers o What was lacking was just time, assumption that they had been set on the right
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