ARC132 - Final Exam Review: Lectures 10-11 - Definitions

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Architecture Studies
Zeynep Celik

1 ARC123 – Lectures 10-11: Definitions and Important Notes 1. * Utopia - an imaginary and indefinitely remote place; a place of ideal perfection 2. * Dystopia – an imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives 3. Type – a particular spatial arrangement 4. * Robin Evans, ―Figures, Doors, and Passages‖, 1978 - ―If anything is described by an architectural plan, it is the nature of human relationships, since the elements whose trace it records—walls, doors, windows and stairs—are employed first to divide and then selectively re-unite inhabited space.‖ - Assumption: o Social relations (interactions btwn ppl) in houses = inscribed into plan  read plan + conclude life of inhabitants = living (mod. assumption)  Argument – can change social relations by changing spatial arrangement  Assumption since enlightenment 5. Geometry - represents spatial + social order of complex 6. * Existenzminimum – minimum dwelling, subsistence dwelling, dwelling that is assumed to provide the minimally acceptable floor space, fresh air, access to transit and green space, etc. 7. * Walter Gropius, ―The Sociological Foundations of the Minimum Dwelling‖, 1929 - ―The same biological considerations which determine the size of the minimum dwelling are also determinative in regard to its grouping and incorporation into the city plan. Maximum light, sun, and air for all dwellings! In view of differences in the quality of the air and the intensity of the light, an attempt must be made to establish a numerically defined lower limit, on the basis of which the required amount of light and air can be calculated for given local conditions.‖ 8. * El Lissitzky, ―Housing Communes‖, 1930 - ―It is not important whether the scheme favors a horizontal (corridor) or a vertical (staircase) system; the important thing is that the housing block, which up to now has merely represented the algebraic sum of self-contained private apartments, has now been transformed into a synthetic complex for total communal living. Once the functions of the individual elements become better defined, it will be much easier to design the overall structure in a more flexible way. At the same time it will be possible to give more consideration to individual desires.‖ - Individuals spending time in communal spaces - Trying to break traditional housing ideas - Creating society in which collective forms of inner city = created - Spatially innovative o To create 2 corridors in entire building  communal spaces for social interactions - Lissitzky o Total communal living 2 o Desire to create utopian society, where social constraints (seem to be bourgeois social order) = meant to be dissolved to new kind of ARC 9. * Social Condenser – any spatial arrangement (housing unit, building, city) that is meant to transform the social interactions among human subjects occupying those spaces 10. Diff’s btwn CIAM + Vienna housing - CIAM housing
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