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ARC132H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Commuter Town, Scientific Management, Architectural Plan

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Zeynep Celik
Study Guide

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ARC123 Lectures 10-11: Definitions and Important Notes
1. * Utopia - an imaginary and indefinitely remote place; a place of ideal perfection
2. * Dystopia an imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives
3. Type a particular spatial arrangement
4. * Robin Evans, ―Figures, Doors, and Passages‖, 1978
- ―If anything is described by an architectural plan, it is the nature of human
relationships, since the elements whose trace it recordswalls, doors, windows
and stairsare employed first to divide and then selectively re-unite inhabited
- Assumption:
o Social relations (interactions btwn ppl) in houses = inscribed into plan read
plan + conclude life of inhabitants = living (mod. assumption)
Argument can change social relations by changing spatial arrangement
Assumption since enlightenment
5. Geometry - represents spatial + social order of complex
6. * Existenzminimum minimum dwelling, subsistence dwelling, dwelling that is assumed
to provide the minimally acceptable floor space, fresh air, access to transit and green
space, etc.
7. * Walter Gropius, ―The Sociological Foundations of the Minimum Dwelling‖, 1929
- ―The same biological considerations which determine the size of the minimum
dwelling are also determinative in regard to its grouping and incorporation into the
city plan. Maximum light, sun, and air for all dwellings! In view of differences in the
quality of the air and the intensity of the light, an attempt must be made to
establish a numerically defined lower limit, on the basis of which the required
amount of light and air can be calculated for given local conditions.‖
8. * El Lissitzky, ―Housing Communes‖, 1930
- ―It is not important whether the scheme favors a horizontal (corridor) or a vertical
(staircase) system; the important thing is that the housing block, which up to now
has merely represented the algebraic sum of self-contained private apartments,
has now been transformed into a synthetic complex for total communal living.
Once the functions of the individual elements become better defined, it will be
much easier to design the overall structure in a more flexible way. At the same
time it will be possible to give more consideration to individual desires.‖
- Individuals spending time in communal spaces
- Trying to break traditional housing ideas
- Creating society in which collective forms of inner city = created
- Spatially innovative
o To create 2 corridors in entire building communal spaces for social
- Lissitzky
o Total communal living
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