LECTURE 1 NOTES:
18 Century- 20 Century:
(1793-1968) Beaux Arts: More hands on and focusing on the overall design.
FRANCOIS BONDEL- COURSE’D’ARCHITECTURE – 1698
(1794-Present) Polytechnique: More into steps, and going into details about
planning, and elevation of final product. John-nocholas –louis Durand, famous for
teaching polytechnique, to his classes. It was like military school, what you learned
in 15 years, you’d end up learning in 3 months. Pretty cool eh?? I know : D
(1919-1933) Bahaus : Community center looking building.
BAHAUS ART BUILDING - WALTER GROPIUS – BAHAUS DESSAUS 1926
TRIANGLE DRAWINGS SKETCH- WALTER GROPIUS , BAHAUS MANIFESTO - 1919
LECTURE QUESTION: What is a “history of the present”?
Not a history of the past in
terms of the present
LECTURE 2 NOTES:
Utopia; Imaginary ideal place contructed when one wants to be in.
Dystopia : Imaginary fearful place constructed by someone, where no on wants to be
FRITZ LANG Metropolis 1927
Globalization: 16 century- It is basically making more connections worldwide, and
spreading on the global scale.
First: Industrial Revolution: 18 Century
First Agriculture revolution: 18 Century
Second Agriculture revolution: 19 Century.
French Revolution: 1789
Engels – 1845 – Working class 2 New Classes of people evolves: - Bourgoise – Middle class (lawyers), Proletariot
Blasé Attitude:- When people show the indifference attitude
Engels said – Modern metropolis- segration of Classes- women from men, rich from
Owen – 1841- The Plan of a self supporting home colony-
MODERNIZATION IN PARIS: MODERNIZING THE METROPOLIS 1
HAUSSMANIZATION- 1853- 1870- PARIS
-Haussmenn- 1841- Hired by the king, to reconstruct the medival looking paris-
which looked utopia (because of the the nice looking buildings) dystopian (because
of the jail looking walls)
Paris before- dense walls- so that rich people would not end up contacting with the
poor people face to face if they ever walk outside (hierarchical spacing)
Paris after being designed by Haussmenn – Open space for everyone to socialize- all
classes of men. (see deign by – 1873- Boulevard Des Cappucine- Monet
HAUSSMANS PHOTO- Haussmanization of Paris- 1853-1870-
MODERNIZATION IN VIENNA AND SITTE: MODERNIZATION OF THE METROPOLIS
CAMILLO SITTE- City according to its artistic principle- 1889.
CAMILLO SITTE – PROPOSAL FOR ALTERING VIENNA RINGSTRASSE 1889
Vienne- Ringstrasse—1860 – Vienna –
Sitte- Wagner : Sitte thought that ringstrasse is too modern, too instrumental, too
WAGNERS DESIGN- STRUCTURE FOR CUTTING THROUGH THE RINGS OF VIENNA
1911 (ALSO SEE DISTRICT XX11)
Wagner thought that ringstrasse is not modern, not rational, not instrum