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Midterm

ARC132H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: How To Deal, City Beautiful Movement, Le Corbusier


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
ARC132H1
Professor
Zeynep Celik
Study Guide
Midterm

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LECTURE 1 NOTES:
18th Century- 20th Century:
(1793-1968) Beaux Arts: More hands on and focusing on the overall design.
FRANCOIS BONDEL- COURSE’D’ARCHITECTURE – 1698
Polio- D’architecture
(1794-Present) Polytechnique: More into steps, and going into details about
planning, and elevation of final product. John-nocholas louis Durand, famous for
teaching polytechnique, to his classes. It was like military school, what you learned
in 15 years, you’d end up learning in 3 months. Pretty cool eh?? I know : D
20th Century
(1919-1933) Bahaus : Community center looking building.
BAHAUS ART BUILDING - WALTER GROPIUS BAHAUS DESSAUS 1926
TRIANGLE DRAWINGS SKETCH- WALTER GROPIUS , BAHAUS MANIFESTO - 1919
COMPARE:
LECTURE QUESTION: What is a “history of the present”?Not a history of the past in
terms of the present
LECTURE 2 NOTES:
Utopia; Imaginary ideal place contructed when one wants to be in.
Dystopia : Imaginary fearful place constructed by someone, where no on wants to be
FRITZ LANG Metropolis 1927
Globalization: 16th century- It is basically making more connections worldwide, and
spreading on the global scale.
First: Industrial Revolution: 18th Century
First Agriculture revolution: 18th Century
Second Agriculture revolution: 19th Century.
French Revolution: 1789
Engels 1845 Working class
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2 New Classes of people evolves: - Bourgoise Middle class (lawyers), Proletariot
(laborers)
Blasé Attitude:- When people show the indifference attitude
Engels said Modern metropolis- segration of Classes- women from men, rich from
poor.
Owen 1841- The Plan of a self supporting home colony-
MODERNIZATION IN PARIS: MODERNIZING THE METROPOLIS 1
HAUSSMANIZATION- 1853- 1870- PARIS
-Haussmenn- 1841- Hired by the king, to reconstruct the medival looking paris-
which looked utopia (because of the the nice looking buildings) dystopian (because
of the jail looking walls)
Paris before- dense walls- so that rich people would not end up contacting with the
poor people face to face if they ever walk outside (hierarchical spacing)
Paris after being designed by Haussmenn Open space for everyone to socialize- all
classes of men. (see deign by 1873- Boulevard Des Cappucine- Monet
HAUSSMANS PHOTO- Haussmanization of Paris- 1853-1870-
__________________________________________________________
MODERNIZATION IN VIENNA AND SITTE: MODERNIZATION OF THE METROPOLIS
2
CAMILLO SITTE- City according to its artistic principle- 1889.
CAMILLO SITTE PROPOSAL FOR ALTERING VIENNA RINGSTRASSE 1889
Vienne- Ringstrasse1860 Vienna
Sitte- Wagner : Sitte thought that ringstrasse is too modern, too instrumental, too
ration.
WAGNERS DESIGN- STRUCTURE FOR CUTTING THROUGH THE RINGS OF VIENNA
1911 (ALSO SEE DISTRICT XX11)
Wagner thought that ringstrasse is not modern, not rational, not instrumental
Wagner- Ringstrasse like ring- idea was to cut through the rings.
QUESTION1 : HOW TO DEAL WITH PRE-INDUSTRIAL CITY CENTER?
-Demolish like Haussmenn,
-Than modernize- (Haussmanization of ringstrasse )
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