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JAV131H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 68 pages long!)


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
JAV131H1
Professor
Hans Ibelings
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
JAV131H1
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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JAV 131 LEC 2 Intro to Arch.
-1895-1914 New Forms skyscrapers were being built
Event Historical fact (Development of reinforced concrete)
Chain of historical facts connecting early experiments to later achievements
o Ex. François Coignet, reifored orete 86’s
-How images are used to support text for assignment 1
Caption Number Architect, Building, City, Year. Description ex. 2.II(right) Antoni Guadi.
Casa Mila, Barcelona, 1905-7, chimneys.
Source name of the website and/or name of photographer
Why are you including certain pictures are you using the same images do you include
pictures that he talks about and not include What do you show?
-New Forms for a New Century
Arts and Crafts Late 19th century
Art Nouveau Jugendstil/National styles 1890-1914
Modern Architecture 1920s-
-Art Nouveau a complex movement/struggle of world views
embraced tech. but man architecture that was unaffordable taking different aspects of
different buildings and putting it together
Two types: Urban cosmopolitan style and peripheral national style
Industrialization and Urbanization of Europe around 1850
-Urban cosmopolitan style
Mainly in Glasgow, Brussels, Paris, Vienna, Barcelona: Urban setting for a new style
Glasgow: Charles Rennie Mackintosh Important Arch. Of this time designs everything
himself
Brussels: as’t iportat efore util Vitor Horta desiged a house Tassel House
o Was a revolution Completely new continuous lines and flowy
Belgium: Henry Van de Velde - Bloemenwerf House
Paris: Hector Guimard, Castel Beranger/Henri Sauvage, villa Majorelle (mainly in Nancy)
newly invented forms of decorations
-National Style
Ålesund, Norway hit by a disaster new buildings were built after 1907
Poland: Stanislaw Witkiewicz, Villa Koliba rural style
Paris (Budapest): Odon Lechner, Museum of applied Arts
Barcelona: Antoni Gaudi, Sagrada Familia makes new abstract form of arch.
everything is loose and organic free forms creates new sense of space
- American parallels to Art Nouveau
California (Pasadena), Charles and Henry Greene, Gamble House formal
Chicago: Frank Lloyd Wright Home and studio or Robie house did’t like ities –
idos ere people ould’t see out – forget the city good at marketing
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o Berlage (biggest supporter) influenced by Wright - Wasmuth portfolio of Wright,
1910, important influence from USA - Europe
Chicago: Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building developed a theory
on high-raised building
-Proto-Functionalist
Amsterdam: H.P. Berlage, Stock Exchange -
Paris: Auguste Perret Abstract Arch. Apartment Buidling Rue Franklin beginning of
modern Arch had high Tech. use of reinforced Concrete
Berlin: Peter Behrens, AEG Turbine Factory -
-1900
Wright, Berlage, Machintosh, Horta, Gaudi, Perret, Behrens, Guimard, Loos all famous
Modern Arch.
- Vienna: Joseph Maria Olbrich, Secession Building group of Arch. Who wanted to create a
break with the past their building
-Wiener Wekstatte produced art which was high end done by Josef Hoffmann (Arch that
was a part of the group)
Arch in Austria but worked for a family in Belgium(Brussels)
-Adolf Loos made buildings and a writer (ornament and crime) Eerya should e his o
iterior desiger – Abstract exterior but comfortable interior
-Summary 1895-1914
Scotland: C.R. Mackintosh/ Belgium: V. Horta and H. Van de Velde/ France: H. Guimard,
H. Sauvage, A. Perret/ Hungary: Ö. Lechner/ USA: F.L. Wright, L. Sullivan/ Netherlands:
H.P. Berlage/ Germany: P. Behrens/ Austria: J.M. Olbrich, O. Wagner, J. Hofmann, A.
Loos
New Century - New Arch.
Art Nouveau: National and Cosmopolitan
New ornaments/No ornaments
Crafts and Industry
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