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FAH101H1 Study Guide - Warren De La Rue, Stereoscopy, Walter Koenig

Course Code
Jane Wolf

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March 14, 2013
Week 8
Scientific Truth and Photographic Representation
Tiny, Distant, Rapid Science, Photography and vision
Show us things that no human beings would ever be able to see. Question of
intervention, set of steps that occur btw original stimulus of photograph what’s
represented and the ultimate thing photographer makes it. How appearance of
action on part of photographers is something that questions fundamental properties
of photography being used as scientific proof.
Tiny: Microphotography
Photographic apparatus with a microscope. In 1840’s there were already
Jules Girard, Wood of a fir tree, magnified 80 and 30 times, respectively, 1868
Two diff levels of magnification. Weakening scientific ground of evidence at stake by
showing both magnifications at the same time on the left its abstracted but 30x
zoomed out still resembles object of wood of tree that were suppose to be looking
at. How can they both be representations of same thing when they look so diff? Diff
to say theirs any view of an object that is more evidentiary than any other.
Thouroude, Collection of Photomicrographs
Scale changing degree of evidentiary solidity in which we see these things. Diff
objects at diff levels of magnification. In upper right bugs that look like bugs at low
magnification but then at top and bottom become fully abstracted to naked eye
captions tell u what ur looking at. Tells us how undefined relationship to objects is
until framed as evidence.
Auguste-Adolphe Bertsch, Birth of a louse, 1853-58
Microphotographs of things that unfold in time. Bertsch great scientific
photographer of middle of century. Movement of louse coming out left behind on
bottom is louse occupation area, top emerging half way. Not just for anatomy and
things that don’t change but also for dynamism, things that happen in time. Tells us
that there is a hesitation abt temporal time bade limitations of some of these photos.
Come can combine magnification beyond human visibility with narrative flow of
time we use to show how complicated things take place.
Unknown Photographer, Saws of a sawfly, magnified sixty-six times
No idea what looking at without a caption. Understand importance of metaphor. One
half of a stereoview
A.W. Bawtree, Eyes of a jumping spider, magnified 25 times (1870)
One half of a stereoview. Turned into stereo cards for purpose of teaching in
classrooms and to be distributed as though looking through microscope themselves.
Jumps out at you, greets ur eyes with its own, reciprocates in its own way.
Stereography heightens reciprocation to a great degree.

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March 14, 2013
A.W. Bawtree, Mermaid’s fingers, magnified eight times, 1870s
Image out of a book. No one has any idea what it is. Mermaids are not something
photography can prove or disprove. Emblem of way in which scientific photography
tries to attest reliable and same time under cuts reliability. Proof of something we
know doesn’t exist. Viewers may not have been as skeptical abt the existence of a
mermaid. Incompatibility of mode of photography that seeks evidence. Incapable of
attesting to any fact of real world.
Donne and Foucault, Cours de Microscopie 1845
First textbook of microscopie illustrating using photographic images. Things that
come btw photographic representation and representation that results.
Daguerreotypes which were photographic basis of this book were not reproducible
so this left authors with a problem they had an engraver reproduce the images as
engravings and then put in book. Daguerreotype photos couldn’t be reproduced and
distributed even though images were very detailed. The engraver never witnesses
those images himself (what’s going on in the image is what he hasn’t seen), removes
maker of image from observation, because very popular text sells very well reason
being cuz of silent testimony of photography that’s lurking in background. Even with
hand made invention of engraver photographic fidelity that can’t be denied.
Different from human observation.
Seeing through things.
1895 something extraordinary happens. A German Swiss physicist is undertaking
experiments in his lab and as he’s doing this he witnesses strange phenomenon,
which passes through certain kinds of objects and renders their internal
components. Rosentgen notes in his journal discovery X-rays (x to be filled out at a
later time) now known as the X-ray.
Rosentgen, First X-Ray photograph 1895
Represents his wife’s hand. Black spot is her wedding ring. New way of seeing, don’t
mean seeing, new way of imaging. By using technology w can see through solid
objects to know what’s inside them.
The New Rosentgen photography, 1898
Caricature. Photographer saying look pleasant please on the right is the finished
product he’s been using the new roentgen photography A.K.A x-ray. Man
transformed into skeleton of death. Understanding of principals but at the same
time allows us to see things that are invisible, implication of predictions what we
can see through time. He will succumb to death in the future.
Eder and Valenta, Table of the Permeability of various substances to Roentgen
rays, 1896
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