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#L2 NOTES.docx

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Department
Art
Course Code
FAH230H1
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all

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The Plan for Today • Works of architecture of Brunelleschi o How he solved architectural problems • New language of architecture that would impact centuries to come  Devised by studying ancient monuments • Masaccio Plan of Florence: CathedralArea • Early 15th c. was a time of peace and flourish o Major works of architecture • Cathedral o Mother's church o Major church in any renaissance city; only one cathedral in each city o Means-> the cathedral is the site of the bishop's seat; site of religious power in any city of Italy o Usually connected to the Baptist ring and the bishop's castle • Dome of Florence Cathedral 1420-36 o Built almost for a century o Following the plan of several architects o The main problem was that it was a huge building and it had to be vaulted with a dome • Major technical problems • Late 14th c. the workers lost the capacity and knowledge to vault the dome o They made the structure but not the dome o Brunelleschi • Provided a plan to vault the surface  Circular openings to let light in; oculus  Double shaft structure that supported everything  Shell reinforces one another  There are internal and extern ribs that are reinforcing one another, and equally distributing the weight throughout  Major renovations with many effects for centuries to come  Solve the problem, done with a structure that was solid and was good economically • How did he come to this solution  "Brunelleschi decided to explore theAncients' highly refined method of building and their use of harmonious proportions in order to find out how all these things could be properly executed without great difficulty and expense…He went to see the ancient buildings [in Rome].. Which had different types of vaults and studied the method of centering the vaults, and the other systems of support."-Antonio Manetti's Life of Brunelleschi  Probably looked at the Pantheon for inspiration  Brunelleschi was interested in harmonious proportion • Asequence of a model, something that can be replicated • Studied and measured as much as he could of antique building o Asolution based on geometrical units/ model that repeated itself throughout the church • Repeated three times the same of height crossing • Acrossing plan (look at up)  From Brunelleschi innovations of his own • The workers were stuck, and he came innovated and changed the blueprint for it to work • Saved them from their problems  Once it was found, it was continued to be used by other buildings • Huge impact for other buildings • For example Foundling Hospital- Brunelleschi • He became very popular and people wanted him to do more buildings • Not a religious foundation but a civil one • The cathedral-> money from the Bishop • Charitable institute • Provided health to the poor and the innocent (orphanage) • Civic merger with aesthetic • Had a very practical role • Long lodging • Very practical • Change into a beautiful façade • Perfected arch • Asense of unity, harmonious • Adopted the ancient language of architecture • Adopted old Corinth column • Very simple decoration • The arch is made of local sand stand • Very powerful coloristic effect; against the white wall • Dual system of colour- grey and white • Continuous repetition • Geometrical square model repeated along the lodge (?) • Repeated a ancient model in way in a new way of renaissance • Later addition (infant) • Added 1487 • Glazed Terracotta • Brunelleschi planned to have the rounded medallion in this way • Part of the initial plan but took some time • Not for harmonious, meant for decoration and to put some colour • To make our eyes go from one to another • Brunelleschi- San Lorenzo Church o AParish church o Special- church very close to Medici palace o Church built thanks to Medici family • For the area they lived important they hired Brunelleschi to build the church o Divided the areas with arches • Same idea of geometrical model • Same sequence • Same model of colouring  Arch-> ornamental with a grey stone and ornamental pattern • Very simple • To allow natural light to come through o Greatest achievement: Old Sacristy • Founded by the Giovanni Medici • Used as a burial place for the family of the Medici • Same arch and frame  Two colours, very simple  Grey arch against the white wall  Geometrical system is to give a spatial tightness/order/unity in a effective way • It is same with the main place  Sequence of arches  Old sacristy following the same model but in a different place  Following the same geometrical unit • Façade Medici Palace:Attributed to Michelozzo di Bartolomeo o Just across the street of the Church of San Lorenzo o Not a plan based of Brunelleschi; but Bartolomeo was a follower of Brunelleschi o Brunelleschi supplied a plan for the palace but it was to grandeur, so did n
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