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FAH246H1 (6)

Mid-Term Prep

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Mark Cheetham

Sept 12, 2012 *Demoiselles - Primitivism: Picasso works with different faces that were considered primitive - Shows what artists were doing with other cultures *Fountain - First “conceptual” work of art - The focus is on the “idea” of a work of art rather than craftsmanship etc. * Pure Red, Yellow, Blue - 20 century art; abstract art is one of the truly new thing in Western art - Any one can do, but not every work is a great piece of art * Detroit Industry Mural - Graphic realism. Labour, collectivity * Broadway Boogie-Woogie - Translation of European art into America - All different things together * Newman - Sculpture or painting? *Warhol - Pop art and beyond * Medieta - Cuban/American -Performance work * Cindy Sherman - The Pictures Generation - Imaginative space, projection of someone else on to you * Shonibare - Flamboyant fabric. Statement of independence - Britishness, propriety, land ownership, gender * View from an Apartment - Vancouver photo conceptualism - Opposite of snapshot - Everything is planned * Ai Weiwei - Hand painted sun flower seeds Contemporary art starts in 1985 because that’s how museums are arranged. Very superficial. *Agnes Denes - Commenting the land sitting unused - Political art * Schiele - Paradigm Matisse is recessive at the beginning Art reflects the bloody century Schiles’portrait created shock People were used to a kind of formality and decorum, Schiles’portrait was revolutionary because they broke conventions *Klimt - Vienna secession: moving away from tradition - Shock of the new - He went through a radical phase and came out with this decorative style - He shows that Vienna secession is not all gore and guts - Decoration: like primitivism, abstraction… constantly controversial - Some artists embrace deco. Others think ornament is crime * General Ideas - Might connect with Schiles but we have to have good arguments * Jurisprudence - Too shocking, too much nudity… - Opposition to contemporary societal values * Matisse - Matisse’s sculpture and its relationship with Rodin - The struggle between individual artists get over dramatized - Matisse said he’s only a painter and not sculptor - Many of his sculptures painted into his paintings - The back: primitive evolving. Melting the background * The Dinner table - radical in its time, complex design * Luxe; caime et volupte - technique is moving away from impressionism - Moving towards liberal use of colours. * Derain - Fauvism: the wild beasts - Bolder colour - Colours becomes not descriptive - To call him wild beast (Matisse) very controversial - Cognisant of and struggle with recent artists th - Expressionism & Primitivism: crucial to understand and frame early 20 cent. art. - Expressionism: early 20 cent. trend and tendency Gauguin - Ensor, Van Gough, Much… are low case expressionists. Symbolists - Gauguin was not a humble man, famous for his behaviour - Looking for the exotic as the primitive early part of France - Primitive part of society had more direct access. th September 19 2012 Gauguin’s primitivism was a major theme in early 20 cent. - He was looking for thing untainted by Modernity - Remembered more for his work in the South Sea. Tahiti… - Looking for an other culture. The colonial mentality - Getting away from repression and suppression. * Spirit of the Dead Watching - 14 year old mistress - We become voyeurer of her nakedness, superstition - Echoes Manet’s Olympia - The voyeuristic aspect is more evident - Primitism is Modernism’s troubled rejection of Modernity - Colonialism’s traces seen in primitivism * Blue Nude, Matisse - The “exotic” and “exoticism” - Distinction with primitive & exotic - Not so much looking for the primitive but the unknown - Brutality, nudity - Amping up competition with Picasso * Les Demoiselles d’Avignon - The primitive - Picasso struggled around the expression of the primitive - It’s not really the first cubist painting - Manifesto of Modernist ideas * Three Women - Similar to p.83 work - Was done right after d’Avignon - The background is more visible - Shows he wasn’t on a straight line to cubism Expressionism - German artists in early 1900 * Die Brucke - The difference between the two groups - Woodblock printing: another attempt at primitivism - Group of artists was a new phenomenon. It allows them to form schools fast.Alot of collaborative work, collectivity helps you exhibit - The Blue Riders concerned with inner state, spiritual views. Towards the abstract - The northern group, Die Brucke: more social art.Alot of poster work. More interested in the primitive. * Kirchner, Marzella - Die Brucke were all architecture students with no art training - Not being acculturated, not being Bourgeoisie - Effective and gained them all kinds of notoriety - Saturated colours, basic shapes, on purpose to show the progressive, avant-garde - Pechstein: exotic background - Exoticism seen as positive - Liberal and sexual activity with the Northern group - The Bohemian lifestyle *Phalanx Exhibition - Kandinsky started lots of new grounds - Gabriele Munter: artists collaboration with Kandinsky * Blue Mountain - Saturated with colour - The expressive use of colours, Kandinsky was thought as an expressnist - Lucid description of the abstract. - Kandinsky thought he was training people to see colour with gradual abstraction * House With Apple Tree - Not all descriptive colour * The Blue Rider Almanac - The mixture of text and art/image - Other cultures mixed text and image without problem (i.e. Japan) but not so much in Western art - Gesamtkunstwerk: total work of art * French Window at Collioure/A Battery Shelled - Variety of art - Prejudice against English. French art were seen as progressive Approaches/Paradigm
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