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AST101H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Electromagnetic Spectrum, Oort Cloud, Kuiper Belt

Astronomy & Astrophysics
Course Code
Michael Reid
Study Guide

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Material covered for Term Test
The material covered in Term Test 2 will include everything from the
lecture on Oct. 5 (tides) up to and including the lecture on Nov. 4. Note
that we are about 1 lecture behind, so that means that Asteroids and
Comets in detail are not covered, though the general features of the entire
Solar System as discussed in earlier lectures are. That means that Ch. 11 is
included, but Ch. 12 is not. Note that the overview of the Solar System, as
in the lecture of Oct. 19th, IS included (see Ch. 7 & 8).
In the meantime, remember to focus your studying on the concepts covered in the
lectures. Midterm 2 is cumulative, meaning that it may draw on concepts taught before
midterm 1. However, the focus is definitely on material learned since the cut-off prior to the
last midterm. Here are some of the key concepts we've covered since then:
* tides
* precession
* the nature of light
* the electromagnetic spectrum
* the absorption of light by the atmosphere
* the powers of telescopes
* the three types of spectra: absorption, emission, and continuum
* the Doppler effect
* blackbody (i.e. continuum) radiation
* the general layout and contents of the solar system, including planets, moons, the asteroid
belt, the Kuiper Belt, and the Oort Cloud
* the unique properties of each of the planets (e.g. Venus has the hottest average surface
temperature, suffers from a very powerful greenhouse effect, and rotates backwards; Earth
has a thick atmosphere which is unlike those of the other terrestrial planets, etc.)
* the ways terrestrial planets accumulate and dissipate heat
* the carbon cycle
* the processes which shape the surfaces of terrestrial planets
* cratering
* comparative planetology
* the presence of water on Mars, in several forms and locations
* the frost line and its consequences for planet formation and the layout of the solar system
With Dr. Mochnacki, you will also cover Jovian planets, their moons, and the minor bodies in
the solar system. The midterm will cover up to the end of this Thursday's class with Dr.
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