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Study Guide

BIO120H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 127 pages long!)


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIO120H1
Professor
Spencer Barrett
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
BIO120H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Levels&of&biological&organization&
Molecules&
Cells&
Organisms&
Populations
Communities&
Ecosystems
Scopes&of&Questions
-
Large%question:&&takes&a&lot&to&understand&and&solve,&numerous&experiments&
are&needed&to&answer
-
Types&of&Questions
How%questions:%proximate&questions,&understanding&the&process,&
physiological&and&genetic&mechanisms&that&are&behind&a&trait
-
Why%questions:%ultimate&questions,&understanding&the&ecological&function&
and&adaptive&significance&of&a&trait
-
Approaches&
Observational;&describe&and&quantify
Models
Verbal⊧&descriptions&of&things&
Graphical⊧&using&a&graph&to&further&establish&an&understanding&
Mathematical&frameworks;&using&math&to&map&out&the&way&things&work
"Evolution&is&a&blind,&mechanistic&process&that&just&happens&without&reason"
Spencer&Barrett
-
Intro&to&Evolutionary&Biology&
Wednesday,& September& 6,&2017
10:34&PM
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Observational;&describe&and&quantify
-
Theoretical;&hypothesize&and&analyze&
-
Comparative;&compare&and&contrast&between&
different&species&
-
Experimental;&perform&experiments&and&
analyze&
-
Verified&Assumptions
All&species&have&common&ancestors
-
Organisms&on&earth&have&changed&through&time
-
Changes&are&gradual&not&instantaneous
-
Biodiversity&-the&variety&of&life&on&earth;&the&number&and&kinds&of&living&organisms&in&a&
given&area
Adaptation&-has&two&scientific&meanings;&
state:&any&trait&that&contributes&to&fitness&by&making&an&organism&better&able&to&
survive&or&reproduce&in&a&given&environment
-
-
&&&&&&&&
"Nothing&in&biology&makes&sense&except&in&the&light&of&evolution"
Theodosius&Dobzhansky&
-
Evolutionary&mechanisms&(microevolution)&
Determining&the&ecological&and&genetic&mechanisms&responsible&for&evolutionary&
change
-
-
Involve&population-level&studies&of&natural&selection,&adaptation&and&speciation&
using&diverse&organisms
-
Testing&of&theoretical&models&by&experiments&in&the&laboratory&and&field&
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