BIO130H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 156 pages long!)

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30 Nov 2017
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UTSG
BIO130H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Introduction to Cells and Diversity
Tree of Life
Bacteria & archaea are both prokaryotes
Bacteria
o E. coli
Found in the human gut
Common model organism
o Cyanobacteria
Capable of photosynthesis
o Bacilis
Bacteria found in soil
Archaea
o Methanococcus
Found at hydrothermal vents at the bottom of the ocean
o Methanothermobcterium
Grows at anaerobic, low pH conditions
Grows in cow stomachs
Eucaryotes
o Giardia
Contaminant of drinking water
o Trichomonas
Vaginal parasite
o Trypanosoms
Causes African sleeping sickness
Messes up circadian rhythm
Two Main Types of Cells
Prokaryotic cells
o No nuclei
o Single celled
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o Eubacteria, and archaea
Eukaryotic cells
o Nuclei
o Single celled or multi cellular
o Plants, fungi, animals and humans
Prokaryotic Cell
Fairly small
Typically have a nucleoid
Nucleoid: Irregularly shaped region within the cell that has genetic material w/o a nuclear membrane
Cell wall: tough protective coat
o Not in all prokaryotes
Flagellum for movement
o In some, not all
Eukaryotic Cell
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