APS150 - Ethics in Engineering - EXAM NOTES

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University of Toronto St. George
Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry

Professional Conduct: Engineer Code of Ethics: Duty of a practitioner to act w/: - Fairness/loyalty to associates/employers(ees)/clients/subordinates - Fidelity to public needs - Devotion to personal honour/professional integrity - Knowledge of other developments related to services undertaken - Competence in performance of any services Practitioner shall: - Regard public welfare as most important (above duties to clients/employers o Client Duty = disclose any direct/indirect interest o Employer Duty = faithful agent, disclose conflict of interest - Employee/Freelance engineers must: o Provide statement to client w/ employee status o Limitations of services to the client o Only accept work that doesn’t create conflict of interest o Inform employers of work - Give proper credit for work - Uphold adequate compensation for work - Provide opportunity through prof. development - Extend the profession through interchange of info/experience - Enhance public regard for the profession (be professional) - Have adequate knowledge/honest conviction - Keep licenses on display - Keep work confidential - Cooperate w/ other professionals engaged on project - Act w/ courtesy/good faith - Not accept engagement to review o Except w/ their knowledge and/or the connection of the other has been terminated - Not injure the reputation/business of another practitioner - Not gain advantage over other practitioner by paying/accepting commission - Maintain honour/integrity Misconducts: Relative to offenses – may revoke license! Negligence: act/omission – failure to maintain standards Negligent Actions: - Fail to safeguard life/health/property - Fail to correct/report situation that endangers public - Fail to comply w/ regulations/standards/statues/codes/bylaws/rules - Signing documents that are not done by you/not checked - Fail to present consequences Harassment: - Unwelcome (vexatious comments) General Behaviour: - Must have good moral code/behave honorably Discipline: - Will call individuals in to represent case The Seal: - Licensed practitioners must seal ALL work! - Even if they only prepare/check it ***NOTE: Law does not mean ethical, an unethical thing may be lawful! Intellectual Property: Theft: Tort Law – “interference w/ possessions and property” Remedy: - Fix it/provide compensation/replace it Non-Tangible Items: - Ideas/documents/music/etc… Patents: - Description of an invention - Grants inventor exclusive control over product - Patent has a value – can sell it! Copyright: - Grants owner right to be paid for reproduction of their work - Fair Dealings = allows free accesses to material for independent study Engineering Work: - Documented in report - Engineers retain copyright for their work - Client purchase RIGHT to USE work, not sell/trade it - Engineers can offer “reliance letter” for clients to rely on work Health And Safety: Prof. Eng. Act states: safeguarding of life/health/property/public welfare What does it mean?: - Protect against current/future threats - Design for safety for all aspects (construction/startup/maintenance/etc…) Hazards: - Include mechanical/fall/heat/fire/chemical/radiation/etc… Most frequent violations: scaffolding/fall protection/respiratory protection Practical Considerations: Economical: - Cost of injury/rehab/meds > cost of training/equip Legal: - Right to safe work environment - WHIMIS training Ethical: - Safe environment/safe work practices Precautionary Principle: - If it is potentially harmful in any way, then it should be taken as harmful - This is an ethical principle Precautions: - New materials/tested for safety - Current projects require continuous testing for safety Environment Small Scale Impacts: - Sound levels/workers not protected/temp/radiation/chemicals/etc… Large Scale: - Large area - Unsustainable practices Engineering Solns: - Prevention: education/training - Containment: Booms/shrouds - Restoration: Destruction/immobilization - Alternative Processes: electric cars/biodegradable solvents Societal Debates: - Manufacturing in countries w/ lower standards for env/safety Agricultural Ethics - Modified crops/farm captive animals/irrigate arid land Code of Academic Conduct University Regulations: Necessary to protect: - Safety/integrity of Uni activities - Safe/peaceful housing - Freedom to participate Code of Behaviour: - Ignorance is NO excuse University Defines Standards: - Good order/proper functionality - Health/safety/rights/property - civil/criminal law Tort Law: - criminal code/civil actions - Covers: o Intention to harm o Interference w/ reputation o Cheating/copying (uni can sue) o Interference w/ possessions/property o Failure to be responsible Academic Offenses: - Climate that encourages cheating/unfairness and misrepresentation = not tolerated - Seeking credit by advantages/fraud or by disadvantaging others Parties to the Offenses: - Everyone involved in any way - Everyone may be liable Offenses: - Forging documents - Possess unauthorized aids - Impersonate/plagiarism/submit work that has been used (same work twice) - Use fake measurements Sanctions: - oral/written reprimand - resubmit piece of wo
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