Study Questions Week 1-3.doc

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Department
Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry
Course
APS301H1
Professor
Willem Vanderburg
Semester
Summer

Description
Study Questions You are strongly encouraged to plan your answers to questions on your quizzes and final exam. This may be accomplished by answering the following questions: What are the principal points you need to make in order to build a complete answer to the question? Is each point relevant to the question or am I adding unnecessary details? Are the essential points arranged in a logical order so that each point builds on the previous ones and prepares for the points that follow? (If necessary you can rearrange them using arrows or by renumbering the points.) Do the points jointly provide a coherent and complete answer to the question? Once you have planned your answer, write it out and check it over. Week 1: Organizational Lectures and Course Structure 1. Explain the strengths and weaknesses of a discipline-based approach to scientific knowing. 2. Explain the strengths and weaknesses of a discipline-based approach to technical doing. 3. Discuss the validity or non-validity of the following comparison: Undergraduate engineering education as a way of learning to “steer” technology into the future is like learning to drive an automobile by primarily concentrating on the gauges on the dashboard and only looking out the windows when crashes or screams are heard. 4. Describe the role the hidden curriculum plays in undergraduate engineering education. 5. Explain the differences between the cognitive style referred to as numeracy and the one referred to as literacy. Explain the kinds of difficulties a person who is strong in numeracy may have when learning the social sciences or humanities. Also explain the kinds of difficulties someone strong in literacy may encounter when studying the physical sciences or engineering. 6. The knowledge bases employed by the industrially advanced nations to evolve their ways of life are based on high levels of specialization. This leads to three significant limitations, the first of which is the inability of decision makers to understand the consequences of their decisions that fall beyond their domains of competence. Explain this limitation and its consequences. 7. The knowledge bases employed by the industrially advanced nations to evolve their ways of life are based on high levels of specialization. This leads to three significant limitations, one of which is the trapping of decision-makers in a triple abstraction. Explain this limitation and its consequences. 8. The knowledge bases employed by the industrially advanced nations to evolve their ways of life are based on high levels of specialization. This leads to three significant limitations, one of which makes it very difficult to come up with genuine solutions to many issues which require approaches other than the improvement of performance and efficiency. Explain this limitation and its consequences. 9. Explain the four pre-judgments which we all bring to the study of technology and its influence on human life, society and the biosphere – pre-judgments that stem from having grown up in an industrially advanced society. 10. Explain how preventive approaches can help us overcome the three limitations of the knowledge bases that contemporary societies use to evolve their ways of life, and the pre- judgments regarding technology held by most decision-makers. Week 2: The Biology-based, Technology-based and Culture-based Connectedness of Human Life and Society 1. Explain what is meant by the biology-based connectedness of human life and society. Can it be affected by biotechnology and nanotechnology? If so, how? 2. Explain what is meant by the technology-based connectedness of a society. 3. Explain what is meant by the culture-based connectedness of human life and society. Briefly explain how it can be modified by technology. 4. Using the concept of the cultural cycle, explain why the interaction between technology and the host society is a reciprocal one. 5. Explain the differences between the way materials flow through the network of flows of matter associated with the way of life of a society, and the way they flow within the biosphere. What is the significance of these differences? 6. What are the primary differences between the network of flows of energy associated with the way of life of a society, and the network of flows of energy within the biosphere? Explain the significance of these differences. 7. Explain how the flows
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