List of Greek Prefixes
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Prefixes derived from Greek are introduced by Ayers in Lessons 1-3.
There are 24 in all, listed in three groups, in alphabetical order, divided between these three lessons.
Since there are only 24 Greek prefixes, as compared with nearly 400 Greek bases introduced in Lessons 1-20 of Ayers, it should be obvious
that each of these 24 prefixes is likely to turn up many more times than most of the bases. They are also, because of the relatively small size
of the group, relatively easier to remember.
So memorize them thoroughly, with particular attention to potential confusions.
There are FIVE obvious pairs of opposites:
1. an(a)- = up e.g. ana/BOL/ism = conversion of food upwards in complexity (i.e., into more complex matter); constructive
cat(h)(a)- = down e.g. cata/BOL/ism = conversion of living matter downwards in complexity (i.e., into less complex matter);
2. dys = bad(ly) e.g. dys/GEN/ic = pertaining to the bearing of bad offspring
eu = good, well e.g. eu/GEN/ic = pertaining to the bearing of good offspring
3. en-, em-, el- e.g. en/DEM/ic = pertaining to (being in) a country/population
ec-, ex- = out (of) e.g. ec/DEM/ic = pertaining to (being from) outside a country/population
4. endo-, ento- e.g. endo/GAM/y = practice of marrying inside a kinship group
exo-, ecto- = outside e.g. exo/GAM/y = practice of marrying outside a kinship group
5. hyper= over, e.g. hyper/THYROID/ism = condition of having a thyroid gland functioning above the normal level
hypo = under, below e.g. hypo/THYROID/ism = condition of having a thyroid gland functioning below the normal level
Some have variant forms:
a(n)- e.g. a/TYP/ic/al, a/THE/ist, an/ACU/sia, an/AER/o/BI/c
an(a)- ana/TOM/y, an/OD/e
ant(i)- anti/an/EM/ic, ant/HYSTER/ic, ant/HYPN/otic
ap(o)- ap/HELI/o/TROP/ism, ap/ANDR/ia
cat(a)- cata/PLEX/is, cat/HOD/e
di(a)- dia/MET/er, di/OPT/er
ec-, ex- ec/STAS/y, ex/ODONT/ist
ect(o), ex(o)- ecto/DERM, exo/TROP/ia
en-, em-, el- en/ERG/y, em/BRY/o, el/LIP/tic/al
end(o)-, ent(o)- endo/GAM/y, ento/ZO/a, end/ARTER/itis, ent/OPT/ic
ep(i)- epi/DERM/is, ep/HEMER/al
es(o)-, eis- eso/TROP/ia
hyp(o)- hypo/DERM/ic, hyp/ESTHE/sia, hyp/HEN
met(a)- meta/BOL/ism, met/HOD, met/ENCEPHAL/on
par(a)- para/TYP/ic, par/en/THE/sis
syn-, sym-, syl-, sy(s)- syn/ONYM, sym/PATH/y, syl/LAB/le, sy/STOL/e, sy/STE/m
NOTE ESPECIALLY POSSIBLE CONFUSIONS THAT CAN ARISE FROM SIMILARITY BETWEEN ALTERNATE FORMS
OF DIFFERENT PREFIXES.
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