CLA204 Lecture 4 study notes

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25 Apr 2012
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CLA204 Lecture 4
Greek /Latin Words
1. anax‘king
2. basileus‘king
3. kouretes/kouros – ‘youth
4. gigantes – ‘giants’
5. dike – ‘justice’
6. xenia – ‘hospitality’
7. noos – ‘mind’
8. bo-opis – ‘cow-eyed’
9. meter – ‘mother’
10.polos – high crown of the great goddess
11.peplos – great woven robe
12.Parthenon‘maiden’s apartment’
13.pallas – maiden, weapon brandishing
14.theos – ‘the goddess’
15.palladion – statuette of Athena, city guardian
16.aegis – breastplate of Athena
17.phronesis – ‘morally responsible woman’
18.ephebe – youth on the threshold of manhood
19.Paean – hymn of healing
20.chiton – short tunic
21.philommeides – ‘laughter-loving’
22.philommedes – ‘to her belong male genitals’
Epithets/Descriptions
1. Zeus – could-gathering, dark-clouded, thunderer on high, hurler of thunderbolts
‘the planning mind of Zeus’ - Iliad
Zeus Kataibates – ‘Zeus descending
Zeus Polieus – ‘Zeus of the city’
Zeus Boulaios – ‘counsellor’
Dikê – ‘justice’
Zeus Xenios – guardian of hospitality
Hikesios – guardian of suppliants
Horkios – guardian
Noos – ‘mind’ – swallow Metis
2. Hera – white-armed, cow-eyed
Meter – ‘mother’
Hera Argeia – ‘Argive Hera”, Hera of the sanctuary Argeia in the Argolid , ‘Hera of
Argos’
3. Poseidon – dark-haired, earthshaker
Taureos – ‘of the bull’
Poseidon Basileius
Poseidon Hippios – ‘of the horse’
“horsy” Poseidon – horseman
Aeolos – gives his name to Aeolians
Boeotos – gives his name to Boeotians
4. Apollo – of the silver bow
Apollo Delios – ‘Delian Apollo’
Apollo Pythios – ‘Pythian Apollo’
Apollo Lykeios – ‘Lycian Apollo
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