CLA204H1 Study Guide - Erymanthian Boar, Lernaean Hydra, Ceryneian Hind

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25 Apr 2012
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Heracles
Grandson of Perseus
Has 4 names (on the slideshow)
Born between Alkemene (tall and beautiful) and Zeus (disguised as her husband)
Alkemene was pregnant with two boys at the same time: Heracles( from Zeus) and
Ephocles
Hera who hated Heracles, sends a serpent to the mother and the infant Heracles. While
the mother is frightened, Heracles singlehandedly strangles the serpent
Heracles means Heras glory- isnt it ironic?
Further interaction with Hera: 2 possible stories
1. That when Hera saw a child all by himself, she felt bad and nursed him
2. That when Hera was sleeping, Zeus took Heracles and breastfed him to Heras milk so
that he can be immortal. However, Heracles being the strong guy he is sucked too
hard and when Hera pushed him away, milk went everywhere and made…………… The
milky way.
1st wife: Megra
Labour (atonement) of Heracles
1. Nemean Lion
Bring the skin of the undefeatable Nemean Lion
Help form the gods: Hermes gave him a sword and Apollo gave him bow and arrows
Heracles first shoots the lion with arrows and soon finds out that it has no effect on him
So he wrestles with him bare hand and wins
From now on, Lion skin becomes the iconic symbol of Heracles
2. Lernaean Hydra
히드라: multiple heads (9). Heracles is told to kill this monster
Every time Heracles cut one head, two would grow back out.
Iolas help: every time Heracles cut one of Hidras head, Iola 불로 지져버림
3. Ceryneian Hind
Heracles is told to capture a sacred deer
He chases the deer for a year
He finally captures it but on his way back, he meets Artemis and Apollo who are very
angry that their sacred deer has been captured
Heracles asks for their forgiveness and promises that hell return the deer
4. Erymanthian Boar
Centaurs Pholus entertains Heracles
They drink wine. When Heracles opens a barrel of wine, it attracts all the centaurs that are
wild and they start attacking Heracles
Heracles 처리함.
Erymanthian Boar that was being a nuisance- Heracles was told to take care of it.
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Heracles brings the boar back to Euretheus and seeing the monster, Euretheus was so
scared that he hid in a jar
5. Augean Stables
Clean the stable that has not been cleaned for 30 years
It was meant to embarrass Hercules and at the same time be impossible for him to
complete
Heracles suggests that he will do it for 10% of the cattle
Heracles divert the Alpheus and Peneus rivers to wash out the stables
When the task was done, the king Augeus refuses to provide the promised 10% of the
cattle
The Kings son, Phyelus, supports Heracles. Heracles then kills the king and Phyelus comes
to the throne
6. Stymphalian Birds
Birds that were scattered because of the fear of being eaten by a beast
7. Cretan Bull
Poseidons Bull? Or bull that carried Europa
Heracles fought it and brought it back
8. Mares of Diomedes
Man eating horses
Bistones: Heracles fought them and killed Diomedes
9. Belt of Hippolyta
Admata (daughter of Euretheus) wanted the belt of the amazonian queen Hippolyta ( A
Midsummer nights dream 에서도 나온 히폴리타)
White skin people wearing armors: Whenever this is found in artworks, it means that they
are 1. Women and 2. Amazonian warriors
10. Cattle of Geryon
Geryon: descendent of the Ocean. Was 3 men grown together
When on the mission, Heracles had to cross a desert. He was so annoyed at the heat, he
shot an arrow to the sungod Helios. Helios, moved by his courage, presented him with a
goblet.
Heracles slays Orthrus
Geryon vs. Heracles: Heracles kills Geryon with the arrow that has poison from Hydra on
it
Although it was supposed to be 10 labours, because he got others‟ help in two of the labours, he
had to do 2 additional labours
11. Apple of Hesperides
Golden apple from the garden of Hesperides of the west which is guarded by Nymphs
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