CLA219H1 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Epikleros, Thesmophoria, Athenian Democracy
TERMS FOR TEST TWO
Metic - A foreigner who resided in Athens who was subject to the duties -- but not the rights -- of
citizenship (ex. they had to perform military service but were barred from the assembly). This was
usually either an immigrant or a freed slave.
Archon - One of nine Athenian officials who presided over the civic, military, and religious functions of
Athens (three for each).
Univira - A woman who had only one husband.
Coemptio - The symbolic sale of a bride to her husband in which the bride passes from her father's
manus to her husband's.
Pallake - A prostitute, usually a slave. Note: not the same as hetairai.
Epikleros - A Greek heiress, the daughter of a man who had no sons/other male heirs. Because women
couldn't own property, an heiress had to marry her father's closest relative if she wanted to keep that
Palimpsest - A tablet coated with wax so that the text could be scraped off and the tablet could be used
Tribade - A woman who had sex with other women. Refers to the act of rubbing against thighs.
Ekdosis- giving out of women, a wedding ceremony
Corpus - Refers to Hippocrates body of work
Gentilician priesthood: priest of a tribe or family=genos
Kanephoros - is a religious procession that a woman would lead carrying a basket (don't know the
Myesis - a stage in the Eleusinan Mysteries. Greek for "to close your eyes"
Ploutonian - a place where they would reenact the descending of Persephone into the underworld
during the Eleusinian Mysteries
October 23, 2012
One of nine Athenian officials who presided over the civic, military, and religious functions of
Athens (three for each).
Used by many plebeians, was effectively marriage by purchase
In ancient Rome, confarreatio was a traditional patrician form of marriage. The
ceremony involved the bride and bridegroom sharing a cake of spelt, in Latin far or
panis farreus, hence the rite's name.
Lit. “giving forth”: the ceremony at which the kurios of a betrothed bride gave her into the
hand of her new husband. Marriage in Athenian law took one of two forms, either by engue
and ekdosis or else (if a man died leaving his daughter with no kurios to give her away, and
no heir to his property) by the epidikasia of the epikleros.
A pledge...corresponding to the modern notion of engagement. A prelude to ekdosis
An epikleros was the daughter of a man who died leaving no male heir; she was not his
heiress, but possession of his estate went together with her hand in marriage. This system
of inheritance is described as the epiklerate.
A male relative of an Athenian woman. He would represent her in legal matters.
Ancient Roman marriage...under control of either her husband or her father
In ancient Greece, it referred to a resident alien, one who did not have citizen rights in his or
her Greek city-state (polis) of residence.
The Greek word for adultery
The Ancient Greek equivalent of a household, home or family.
A prostitute in Ancient Athens
The head of a Roman family
A teacher of male students . You always need guardian so if your father dies and you're still a
minor.then you be given a tutor (another male guardian), the woman would also need it,
unless she had more than 3 children then she can be her own guardian.
A one man woman...married only once.
October 30, 2012
Refers to Hippocrates body of work
The oath that doctor's swear that they will not harm...sleep with their patients, etc.
humors (4 humor theory):
The idea that humans are made up of four humours...comes from
Coming from the womb. The best way to relieve women from this is to marry them and
have sex often.
If the womb doesn't get enough sex it dries up and travels through the body
November 06, 2012
Adonis...a young mortal lover of Aphrodite…devastatingly handsome
He was gored by a boar...he went out hunting...Aphrodite told him not to...and that's what
Bion's Lament for Adonis: Beautiful poem about Aphrodite lamenting him
A festival for him celebrated in the early summer
An informal gathering of women...they would lament for him...sitting on rooftops...grow
gardens...make them dye...then throw them into the sea...to celebrate his beauty...to
represent his short life
Thesmos...law giver...title of Demeter/Ceres...pig sacrifices
Her daughter Persephone and for Demeter….for older women in the fall