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CLA219H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Hippocratic Corpus, Pater Familias, Epikleros

Course Code
Regina Höschele
Study Guide

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Term Definitions
October 23 Daily Life and Legal Status
Archon Greek word meaning ‘ruler’ or ‘lord’ – the chief magistrate in a polis
Aste a female citizen holds no political rights
Coemptio a type of Roman marriage
a transfer of authority from the father to the husband
ritual vow by woman - ‘ubi tu gaius ego gaia’ – where you are the man, I am the woman
Confarreatio a type of Roman marriage meaning ‘sharing of spelt’
involved a religious ceremony presided over by 2 priests with 10 witnesses in
Ekdosis the second step of a Greek marriage the ‘giving out of the woman’
the transfer of the wife from the household of her father to the household of her husband
Engye the first part of a Greek marriage the bethrothal
an oral contract - the father would pledge his daughter and the future husband would then
accept the pledge
the husband was chosen based on who the father thought would be a good match the
daughter’s opinion was considered
Epikleros ‘heiress’
if a man had no sons when he died, his eldest daughter could inherit his property BUT
because women could not own property, she could never possess her inheritance
without a husband
her husband would typically be her uncle, for he was the next closet male kin (desire to
keep the property within the family) if he was already married he was expected to
divorce his wife to remarry the epikleros
Kyrios a Greek term referring to the ‘sponsor’ or ‘guardian’ of a woman
either her father, uncle, brother, husband, or son
a woman needed protection and representation because she could not represent herself
politically, legally, or in business deals
a woman was never considered a legal adult so always needed to be under the care of a man
(just like a child needed to be under the care of their parents)
Manus in Rome, a woman could be married either with or without manus
to be married with manus meant that after marriage, a woman would belong to the
household of her husband instead of that of her father (eventually fell out of favour for
marriages without manus)

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to be married without manus meant that after marriage, a woman would still belong to the
household of her father (this gave her more freedom and made it easier for her to divorce her
Metic a non-Athenian living in Athens
could own small amounts of property but otherwise had no political rights
Moicheia ‘adultery’ – this is the same word used for rape however adultery is a greater crime
when a women commits adultery, she threatens the legitimacy of the heirs of her husband-
he is able to divorce her and kill her lover with no legal consequences
if a man committed adultery, it was not considered a crime this did not threaten his heirs
(his illegitimate children had no claim on his inheritance)
Oikos ‘household’
the realm of the woman in Greek antiquity
Pallake a prostitute who became the live-in companion of a Greek man
because she could provide no money for a dowry, she and the Greek man could never be
if she was, however, an Athenian citizen, their children would still gain citizen status
Pater familias a roman term meaning ‘the head of the household’
the oldest male living in the household, who would have ultimate control over anyone
living in the oikia (even other adults)
Tutor a male guardian / teacher for young children of Rome
the husband could grant the wife to select the tutor if she was married with manus
Univira a woman who had only married once (literally means ‘one husband’)
October 30 Ancient Medicine & the Female Body
Choleric according to Humor’s theory, the mood caused by yellow bile (hot/dry)
Corpus the latin word for ‘body’
can refer to the works attributed to a particular author (ex. The corpus hippocraticum all
the works attributed to Hippocrates)
Hippocratic Oath an oath sworn by all doctors to Apollo and Ascleipius (the son of Apollo and the god
of Medicine)
written by Hippocrates
some of the oath states that the doctors will do no harm, administer no deadly
drugs, to uphold doctor-patient confidentiality, to not give cause for abortions, etc.
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