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Midterm

CLA219H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Flamen Dialis, Hippocratic Corpus, Pater Familias


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA219H1
Professor
Regina Höschele
Study Guide
Midterm

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CLA 219 – Midterm II Review – TERMS 10/23 – 11/06/12
10/23
- Archon – (Grk., ruler, lord) title of a public office, chief magistrate of a polis
- Aste – female members of the polis, no rights whatsoever
- Coemptio – Roman law, transfer of authority through exchange of goods – symbolic
sale of daughter
oA ceremony symbolizing the sale of a woman to a man and bringing the
woman under the manus of the man (plebeian marriage)
- Confarreatio – Roman religious ceremony, 10 witnesses, 2 priests, sharing of grain
(cake)
oPatrician form of marriage, woman passed directly from manus of father to
new husband
oFlamen Dialis preside over wedding
oPrerequisite for the parents of a Vestal Virgin and Flamen Dialis candidate
-Ekdosis – Greek, giving out of a woman to the bridegroom
-Engye – (engue) a verbal contract, betrothal between the maiden’s guardian and her
suitor – necessary prelude to ekdosis (engagement)
oMaiden never consulted; more like a business transaction (transfer of
property)
-Epikleros – Grk., heiress, a daughter to whom the father’s property is attached upon
his death with no male heirs (biological or adopted)
oUpon marrying, the property cannot be touched by her husband and passes to
her male descendants
oSolon, decree that epikleros have sex three times a month to be able to
conceive a male heir
oIf married before father’s death, supposed to divorce her husband and then
marry her uncle (who will divorce his own wife) to keep the property within
the family and continue the bloodline – not viewed as incest nor is it a
common practice
-Kyrios – Grk., guardian (kurios) – refer to maiden’s father or husband (or nearest
male relative, in the case of a deceased father)
oTrans., lord, master
-Manus (with/without) – Roman marriage, two types – sine manus and cum manus
oSine manus (without) – wife is still under the legal control of father; entails
more freedom and easier divorce
oCum manus (with) – wife is placed under husband’s power, now belongs to
husband’s household; legal status of woman equivalent to a daughter’s
oEither is done with the approval of the pater familias (head of the family) if
both are subject to the authority of their fathers
-Metic – resident alien, doesn’t have citizen rights within the polis
-Moicheia – Grk., adultery
oConsidered worse than rape because the latter is unwanted and violent
oAbuse of property by complicit parties
oWoman is complicit to the act – threat to the household’s stability because
woman broke trust
oPunishable by death for the man, the woman divorced and prohibited from
religious practices
-Oikos – Grk., household, family; basic unit of society – foundation of polis
oXenophon’s Oikonomikos – instructions on ruling oikos
oIncludes nuclear family, extended family and slaves
oAlso the basic agricultural unit of society – farms attached to oikos
-Pallake – Grk., concubine, prostitute

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oSlaves, accepted part of polis society – “for the body’s daily needs”
(Demosthenes)
oCan live with a man without a dowry, but because of that, considered an
unofficial union
oPallake children are considered citizens and can inherit property if both
parents are citizens
-Pater familias – Roman, head of the family
oTrans., father of the family, owner of the family estate
oHolds legal privilege over the property of his family members and authority
over them all
oPower extends not only to his wife and children, his extended family, but also
to clients, freedmen and slaves attached to him
oDuty of raising children as future citizens of Rome, maintain moral propriety
and well-being of household, perform private religious ceremonies, honour
their clan and ancestral gods, participate in Roman social, political and
religious life
-Tutor – Roman, guardians hired to protect orphaned minors and women (e.g.,
widows), especially if they have property attached to them
oPersons not under any authority/power and have property under their own,
but because they are female or underage, require protection for the interests
of those who might be their heirs
oIf a man with power over his wife dies, she gets to choose her own tutor –
unless she has 3 children then she’s free under Augustan law
-Univira – Roman ideal of a one-man woman – married only once, never again (fidelity
to one man)
oIdeal of a chaste and faithful woman
oE.g., Lucretia (Livy)
10/30
-Choleric – Yellow bile type; fundamentally ambitious and leader-like, bad-tempered
and passionate, dominating and extreme
-Corpus – Roman, lit., body
oHippocratic Corpus (Corpus Hippocraticum) – collection of medical texts
supposedly strongly associated to Hippocrates and his teachings (medical
treatises)
oVaried in content, style and age – unknown authorship
-Hippocratic Oath – oath historically taken by physicians and other healthcare
professionals, swearing to practice medicine ethically and honestly
oSwears by the gods of medicine Apollo, Asclepius, Panacaea, etc.
oSwears to help people to the best of their abilities and judgement, to uphold
patient-doctor confidentiality, not to harm patients, not to help women abort,
etc.
-Humors (4 humour theory) – ancient theory that states the body is ruled by 4 bodily
fluids or humors, and any imbalance in their makeup determines a person’s
temperament and health
oWidely believed until the 19th c.
oAll treatments until then based on this theory, e.g., blood-letting, leeching
HOT COLD
DRY YELLOW BILE BLACK BILE
WET BLOOD PHLEGM
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