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Midterm

CLA219H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Flamen Dialis, Pontifex Maximus, Pater Familias


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA219H1
Professor
Regina Höschele
Study Guide
Midterm

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Midterm 2 Prep
Terms
archon
Chief magistrate in ancient Athens
aste
Women could not be a poliltes (a member of the polis, male citizen)
Women would be aste because her citizenship didn’t involve any political rights
coemptio
A fictitious notional sale of the woman to the husband
Occurred at any point in the marriage
This transaction occurred with the guarding in the presence of at least five witnesses, all of
whom were adult male Roman citizens
This was a rare practice
confarreatio
Traditional patrician form of marriage
Ceremony involved the bride and bridegroom sharing a cake of spelt
The Flamen Dialis and Pontifex Maximus presided over the wedding, and then witnesses had
to be present
Therefore quite rare
The woman is passed directly form the hand of her father or head of household to that of her
new husband
ekdosis
The giving out of the woman
The transfer of the woman to the dwelling of the bridegroom
engye
Oral contract of betrothal between father and future husband
Father says “I pledge so and so for the purpose of producing legitimate children”
The man says “I accept the pledge”
Woman is passive object of transaction
epikleros
Translated as heiress not not really what it means
Means “with the property
In a case where you have no sons your daughter would have all the fathers property, but she
would need to be married
The property was attached to the girl, but she didn’t really possess it
Her male descendants would still be from line of father so the husband of the epikleros would
make sure that the male descendants got the property
This is why Solon passed the law that the husband of an epikleros must sleep with her at least 3
times a mont

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Midterm 2 Prep
kyrios
The guardian of a woman
manus (with/without)
Ancient Roman marriage, of which there were two types:
Cum manu: the wife was placed under the legal control of the husband
Sine manu: the wife was still under legal control of her father
Originally cum manu was the only form of marriage but then sine manu became more popular
metic
Immigrants in Athens
Could not own land or houses (immovable property)
moicheia
Adultery
oikos
The house/the household
The whole estate
pallake
Live in mistress whose children are illegimited
pater familias
The head of a roman family
Latin term for “father of the family or the “owner of the family estate”
He held privilege over the property and varying levels of authority over his dependents (wife
and children and adopted relations, clients, freedmen and slaves)
tutor
An office of rank given to one of the most trustworthy slaves
univira
A woman who was only married once
Not a cultural expectation or in the interest of the state
choleric
The condition of humors in which you are dry and hot
Hot-tempered
corpus
Means body, and often refers to a body of works (literature)
Hippocratic oath
Sworn by modern doctors to adhere to certain principles

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Midterm 2 Prep
Widely believed to have been either written by hippocrates, the father of western medicine, or
one of his students
Humors (4 humor theory)
Humor related to body and the fluids therein related to mood
There were 4 combinations:
Dry and hot = yellow bile
Dry and cold = black bile
Wet and hot = blood
Wet and cold = phlegm
These elements theories to be in every person
Depending on what prevails that is what constitutes our mood of behavior
hysteria
Malfunction of the uterus and the wandering womb lead to hysteria in women
Something that is propagated right into the 19th century
Best way to prevent this was to marry them off and give them to a man who will have sex with
them
Virgins are exceptional hysterical
She gets visions or feelings that compel her to seek death
Virgins should cohabit as soon as possible with a man
If they get pregnant they are cured
Sterile married women likely to suffer from hysteria
Part of domesticating the female
melancholic
Having dry and cold humors leading to a melancholy disposition
phlegmatic
Having wet and cold humors leading to a lethargic disposition
sanguine
Wetness and hotness relating to an optimistic disposition
wandering womb
The womb is a living animal, first seen in Plato
It needs moisture and if it dries it moves to other parts of the body
If she doesn’t have enough sex it gets dry and become angry and miserable without sex
It moves to other parts that are wetter and presses against organs whereby making her insane
If you get pregnant you’ll be cured
This disease most common among virgins and non-sexually active women
To cure they would take smells that are really nasty, have women smell it, and when the womb
smells these things it returns to its proper place and put very fragrant scents near the vagina
Magical tradition puts curses on wandering womb and tries to make it behave
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