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Final

Terms and definitions from all lectures

3 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA232H1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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CLA232 Terms
Eleutheria- freedom
Hubris- extreme arrogance, pride, violence that comes from it
Ate- ruin, folly, delusion, comes from ones great hubris that results in downfall (eg.
Athens trying
to take Sicily during Peloponnesian war was a terrible idea)
Phusis- nature, national character
Nomos- culture, lifestyle, custom
Miasma- blood guilt
Seisachtheia- shaking off of burdens
Pentacosiomedimi- 500 measures men
Knights- 300 measures men, paid horse tax
Zeugetai- 200 measures men
Thetes- lowest class, couldnt hold office but could sit in assembly or jury
Hoplites- fighting men
Axones- wooden tablets that Solons laws were inscribed on
Liturgy- tax that wealthy citizens had to pay for public events
Andreia- manliness, bravery
Demos- regular people, masses, unwashed mob etc.
Polis, poleis- city state
Boule- council of 500, discussed issues that would be presented, served 2x/life
Autochthony- born from the Earth
Sortition- selection of political offices by lottery
Statis- civil war
Archon- overseers of entire state + chief admin of polis
Strategoi- war general
Ekklesia- general assembly, entire demos met 1x/month on Acropolis
Aristocracy- rule by the best men
Oligarchy- rule by few men
Kakocracy- rule by bad men
Democracy- rule by the people
Choregos- rich person who pays for production of plays in City Dionysia
Parabisis- long chorus section in Aristophanes Wasps
Meden Agan- nothing in excess (eg: Polyphemus drinking in Euripedes Cyclops,
Lovecleons drinking at the end of Aristophanes Wasps)
Gnothi Seuton- know thyself (written in temple of Delphi)
Dikasteria- demos judge the elite
Peloponnesian war- 431-404 BCE- Athens vs Sparta, Athens had growing power
Panhellenism- idea that all Greeks were 1 united people (language, culture, religion)
Kleos- glory
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Description
CLA232 Terms Eleutheria- freedom Hubris- extreme arrogance, pride, violence that comes from it Ate- ruin, folly, delusion, comes from ones great hubris that results in downfall (eg. Athens trying to take Sicily during Peloponnesian war was a terrible idea) Phusis- nature, national character Nomos- culture, lifestyle, custom Miasma- blood guilt Seisachtheia- shaking off of burdens Pentacosiomedimi - 500 measures men Knights- 300 measures men, paid horse tax Zeugetai- 200 measures men Thetes- lowest class, couldnt hold office but could sit in assembly or jury Hoplites- fighting men Axones- wooden tablets that Solons laws were inscribed on Liturgy- tax that wealthy citizens had to pay for public events Andreia- manliness, bravery Demos- regular people, masses, unwashed mob etc. Polis, poleis- city state Boule- council of 500, discussed issues that would be presented, served 2xlife Autochthony- born from the E
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