-Tullus: Tullus is the war king. Because the state was atrophying, in his opinion, he
decided to manipulate some embassies to cause a war; Albans and Romans involved
in a border dispute were sending emissaries to one another. He made unreasonable
demands from the Albans, and used their refusal as his justiﬁcation for war.
-The armies did not ﬁght, but rather, two sets of triplets from either town dueled;
the Romans had the Horatti and the Albans the Curiatii. Using trickery, the last
Horatius defeated the Curiatii one by one. Horatius!s sister was engaged to a
Curiatus, and wept when he died. Horatius killed her on the grounds that she
prioritized herself over her country. On appeal, Horatius! father Publius declared
that his daughter was justly slain, else he would have punished his son.
-The War: Veintines, and Fidenae march on Rome, and the Albans planned to
betray their new masters, the Romans. Tullus, knowing Mettius planned to
betray him, executed him by drawing and quartering.
-The Albans were decreed that they would join Rome with full rights.
-The War with the Rest of the Sabines: he takes them over handily.
-Oracle: Tullus hears of a shower of stones on the Alban Mount, a pestilence
followed, and Tullus became religious in his later days. He became prey to
every sort of religious terror.
-His character is more religious than Tullus, but more warlike than Numa. As an
example of the blend: he creates the rite of war, which infuses justice into
-In order that wars are proclaimed with formality, he wrote down the law
used by the Aequicoli; the procedure is very rights focused. The
ambassador issues the demands from the other country, saying they are
just... and if they have not been granted within 33 days, he leaves the
city to be conquered “to go consult the elders” to obtain “our rights.” The
Senate then decides “the case” of the city to be conquered, and then
each senator afﬁrms that it!s a just war. The whole process is very
-The people, in this case, were the Prisci Latini, who made an incursion
into Roman territory. Ancus took the city of Politorium and settled its
people on the Aventine.
-Lucumo, the son of a Corinthian, settled in Tarqunii, and married Tanaquil, a
wealthy, high status woman. He moved to Rome because Rome was the only
place a foreigner could rise high. This move was made at Tanaquil!s urging.
-Most kings of Rome have already been foreign
-Oracle 1: an eagle swooped down, taking Lucumo!s cap. It circled him, then put
it back on. Tanaquil interpreted it as a sign from the gods.
-Lucumo proclaimed himself Lucius Tarquinius Priscus: he rose to prominence
as a result of his “lavish hospitality” and generosity. He became close with the
king and was appointed guardian of his children.
-He was the ﬁrst to campaign for the crown; he made his case that he was
Roman through and through. His goal was to increase his own power as much