CLA160 Tutorial Commentaries for Quiz

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Johnathon Burgess

CLA160 Quiz Tutorial Commentary Hesiod - Works and Days – Pandora Story - Hesiod – around 700 B.C. – from Boeotia - genre – epic - context – agricultural manual – gives a detailed account of when to perform certain agricultural tasks – much of his manual is didactic in the sense that he teaches both about agriculture and how to run a farm, but also about morality and how to be a good Greek and win the favour of the gods - much of Hesiod’s poem is about chiding his brother Perses for taking more than his share of inheritance – considers his brother to be lazy - the Pandora story is a way for Hesiod to indirectly teach his brother about Zeus’ divine justice and warn him against angering the gods - culture – males and females segregated in society – different rooms for men and women in the home – women not often seen outside the house - Hesiod’s view is more extreme – appears to hate women – blames the first woman, Pandora, for all the evil in the world – punishment and “plague” to mankind - women cannot help being this way Hesiod’s opinion – shameless, “dog’s mind”, deceitfulness, created in her by the gods – gift of Hermes - Pandora was created by Zeus specifically for this purpose – to punish man for the wrongdoings of Prometheus – stealing fire for mankind - the gods live fairly consequence free lives – repercussions on mortals (battles, punishments, etc.) – comparison of Demeter causing winter while she laments Persephone’s loss to Hades - “no way to escape the will of Zeus” – warning listeners, specifically Perses around whom the poem is centered, to obey the will of Zeus or there may be consequences as terrible as the creation of Pandora - hope staying in the jar – much speculation – perhaps because it is the one thing we must work to attain, or it is inside ourselves, or because there is no hope – unclear what Hesiod meant by this - themes – myth, philosophy, society/politics, religion, intertextuality - etiological in the sense that it explains why men must work to survive - intertextuality – skips through much of the Pandora myth with the expectation that his intended audience, Greek society, already knows the myth well Homer - The Iliad – Hector and Andromache - Homer – between the late 8 and early 6 centuries B.C. - genre – epic – The Iliad is longer than the average epic - epic – meter, events on a larger scale, gods often involved - context – attempt to represent the past but with his present day cultural values – tell the story, “history”, of the Trojan War - honour over reason – idea that in Greek society the fame/honour of the individual is more important than duty to society – contrast with Roman society where individual heroism must be tempered by duty to the state/community, as well as family - Andromache begs Hector not to go back into battle – however it would be seen as cowardly for Hector to do so - additionally – Hector as “last
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