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University of Toronto St. George

March 27 2012 Lecture 11: Ovid Metamorphoses 8-11 Book 8 Story of Cephalus comes to an end, then Scylla and Minos. Scylla and Minos Scylla is daughter of King Nisus Looking down at warriors, like Helen when she looks down the walls of Troy Seeing Minos, she falls in love with him Is torn between love for Minos and loyalty towards her family (because Minos is her enemy, she should not be helping him) o Like Medea, helping Jason and doing wrong to her family- pattern we have encountered before. o She is glad that the war is going on, because she would not have met Minos o Her fathers one lock of hair is Purple, all the power of the city is represented by this lock of purple hair if you cut off the lock Megara will be defeated. Just like Samson in the bible his long hair is the source of his hair, as soon as it is cut off by Delilah, he is defeated. Important parallel here. Scylla cuts off her fathers hair, brings it to Minos to prove that she loves him He is disgusted, because it is a sign of great treason, that he cannot embrace He does capture Megara but he rejects Scylla, he leaves her with nothing because she cannot go back to her father and she cannot have the man she loves Minos takes his troops and goes away She runs after him, jumps off the cliff and into the sea, tries to hang on to his ship, at that point she is transformed into a bird, Ciris. Ovid takes this name from Keiro to cut off in Greek. Scylla, no wonder why your wife goes sleeping around with bulls youre much more animal like than such a creature Minotaur Minos comes back home, finds out that his wife had given birth to a Minotaur half bull, half man o semibovemque virum semivirumque bovem - half-bull man, half-man bull Minos orders Daedalus to create a labyrinth to house Minotaur. Minos, in order to take revenge for the murder of his Son, asks for sacrifice for the Minotaur that every nine years an Athenian youth is to be sacrificed in tribute to the monster o Athens burden: send 14 humans (boys and girls) to feed the Minotaur every 9 years (modern day example The Hunger Games) o Theseus volunteered to go as a sacrifice (Theseus and Minotaur) and thats why he goes to Crete and skips over the most important part. Goes into the labyrinth with string given by Adriadne, Minotaurs daughter, who was in love with Theseus Beats Minotaur Comes out by following the string back up Theseus takes Adriadne like he promised, but leaves her in the island of Naxos while she sleeps She wakes up, Bacchus comes, love He transforms her crown into a star, casterorism Daedalus and Icarus Daedalus, a very talented man, built wings for them to escape the island where they were in exile Tells Icarus not to go too low (wings will get wet by the ocean) and not too high (wings will get burned by the son) Icarus goes too high, gets burned, falls and drowns in the sea. Icarus is an innocent child, who is playful. Ovid goes tells Icarus fall and his death in a very short phrase Ovid then tells us why Daedalus has been exiled o Had an apprentice, his nephew, Perdix o Was more talented than Daedalus, he becomes jealous and so he threw Perdix off the Acropolis and kills him and Perdix is transformed into a partridge (a bird that cannot fly) o Icarus death is in a way the punishment Deadalus pays for the death of Perdix. o ontological (?) note the way Ovid brings sympathy first and then tells us about Deadalus and what he did o Was forced to live in exile because of this sin Meleager Calydonian Boar Hunt It is very epid, includes all the VIPs of the age, they all gather to kill the boar How does the boar come about? King Oeneus sacrificed to all the gods except Dianna She got so mad that she sent this boar to devastate his land They were so helpless, that they gathered all the heroes to hunt it Leading hero in the story: THESEUS, although the people of Calydonian they had Meleager Meleager is mentioned in the Iliad o Achilles draws back from the battle o Tells story of Meleager and the Boar, similar situation as Achilles. o Nestor in the Iliad is very old: he tells stories about his youth In the stories, he always says I was so brave, I could do everything, Im not as strong as I used to be However in Ovid, he uses his spear to help him get up a tree to escape the boar The first person to actually wound the boar is Atalanta (only female in this hunt) Meleager, who likes her, praises her In the end Meleager kills off the Boar They have the head of the boar, Meleager wants to give it to Atalanta However, his two uncles, dont approve, and tries to take the head away from Atalanta, because they dont think she deserves it. Meleager gets so angry that he kills his two uncles, which he shouldnt have done because his mother is angry She is mad at Meleager for killing her brothers, but she also loves her son very much Meleager's mother, Althaea, avenges their deaths by burning a log that was given to Althaea at birth, its fates is linked to Meleager's mortality. Yet again got a female that is torn between loyalty and love. She kills her son, then kills herself. (picture Althaea buring the log) Meleager's sisters are so distraught that Diana takes pity on them and turns them into guinea fowl (meleagrides in greek) Theseus and Anchelous Anchelous is the river god. Ovid says that Theseus is on his way home with his men, when they came to a swollen river- they could not pass because it was swollen Anchelous invites them to a cave, and they tell stories Water imagery can be seen on a potalogical (?) level. Pure fountain vs. Muddy water. River swollen symbolizes epic story (which refers to the boar hunt), the small stories that they are about to tell next are Callimachean. Ovid plays with potalogical (?) imagery, once again. Tells them about nymphs who got turned into islands because they ignored him. Ovid stages a readers reaction, one character that is present at Anchelous feast actually comments on it. Half way through the metamorphoses we have a staging of an individuals response, to the kind of stories that Ovid has been telling us. Person who doubts this can be true (this is portrayed outrageous) and the others that believe these stories are true. Philemon and Baucis Lelex tells us a story, Jupiter and Mercury disguise themselve
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