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University of Toronto St. George
Regina Hoschele

TERMS FOR TEST ONE Anadyomene: **(rising up out of the water...Aphrodite rising) ab ovo: ...latin for starting a story at the beginning...at the egg Terms Sept 11, 2012 Actium (battle of): The final war of the Roman Republic on September 2nd, 31BC. Cleopatra and Anthony are defeated by Octavian. hieros gamos: refers to a sexual ritual that plays out a marriage between a god and a goddess, especially when enacted in a symbolic ritual where human participants represent the deities. It is the harmonization of opposites. Hymn: A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praise, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification. The word hymn derives from Greek ὕμνοσ (hymnos), which means "a song of praise." iambic poetry: Iambus (sometimes confusingly referred to as "iambic poetry") was a genre of ancient Greek poetry that included but was not restricted to the iambic meter and whose origins modern scholars have traced to the cults of Demeter and Dionysus. The genre featured insulting and obscene language[1][2] and sometimes it is referred to as "blame poetry". Invective: To make fun of... Misogyny: The hatred of women Myth: a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form Sept 18, 2012 ab ovo: Latin for starting the story at the beginning Argonautica: The Argonautica (also Argonautika) (Greek: Ἀργοναυτικά) is a Greek epic poem written by Apollonius Rhodius in the 3rd century BC. The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica tells the myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from remote Colchis. Their heroic adventures and Jason's relationship with the Colchian princess/sorceress Medea were already well known to Hellenistic audiences, which enabled Apollonius to go beyond a simple narrative, giving it a scholarly emphasis suitable to the times. Barbarian: Anyone not Greek Comedy: Any discourse meant to amuse Didactic: Art to entertain and instruct Encomium: To give praise to someone or something epic/epos: A story with Heroic characters on grand journeys and adventures Palinode: Retracting a statement in a poem Potiphar’s wife motif: Joseph, sold into slavery by his brothers, is taken to Egypt where he is sold to Potiphar as a household slave. Potiphar makes Joseph the head of his household, but Potiphar's wife, furious at Joseph for resisting her attempts to seduce him into sleeping with her, accuses him falsely of attempting to rape her. Potiphar casts Joseph into prison, where he comes to the notice of Pharaoh through his ability to interpret the dreams of other prisoners. Tragedy: Tragedy (Ancient Greek: τραγῳδία, tragōidia, "he-goat-song"[1]) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing. Sept 25, 2012 Androgynous: Combination of masculine and feminine characteristics Apotropaic: A type of magic used to ward off evil...ex. The evil eye, etc. Discourse: Written and spoken communications Erastes: The aggressive lover, also know as a Philetor Eromenos: The passive or subordinate lover Herm: A roadside stone shrine to Hermes Hermaphrodite: Sexual organs of both male and female...or not distinguishable as either Hetaera: In ancient Greece, hetaerae (singular play /hɪˈtaɪrə/, plural play /hɪˈtaɪriː/; in Greek ἑταῖραι, hetairai) were courtesans—highly educated, sophisticated companions. Despite the fact that most engaged in sexual relations with their patrons, hetaerae were not simple prostitutes. lex Iulia de adulteriis coercendis: The law of adultery being punishable through exile Pederasty: Pedophiles...a like of males between youth and before puberty...sans facial hair, etc. Phallus: A symbol of the penis...male power Porne: From Pornai...prostitution of young men and women to mainly male clientele tintinnabulum (plural: -a): A wind chime with a phallic shape October 01, 2012 Agalmatophilia: Paraphilia (sexual attraction) to statues, dolls, etc. Pygmalion is an example of this Archaic smile: 6th Century BC to create a sense of aliveness in statues, etc. carpe diem: Make use of Elegy: A mournful poem, funeral song, or lament for the dead Epigram: A brief, interesting, and sometimes satirical statement Epitaph: A short text honouring the dead on a tombstone fellatio Kore: A representation of female youth, usually a statue Kouros: A representation of male youth, usually memento mori: Remember your mortality Mimiamboi: Short, dramatic scenes in verse, the Alexandrain way mimos (mime): scenes in popular life, written in the language of the people, vigorous with sexual proverbs such as we get in other reflections of that region Olisbos: a dildo Paraklausithyron: "lament beside a door" love poetry...troubadour style. Peplos: Classical period (500BC) garment of women in Ancient Greece. Think of the toga. Polychromy: Mutli-colouring of statues Second Sophistic: Greek cultural of the 2nd and 3rd century BC. Rhetorical devices used to educate the public...Dio, Herodes, and Plutarch are good examples. Skoptic: Latin for satire Vetula: An old woman October 09, 2012 Epithalamium: "Upon" and "Chamber". A poem written for the bride on the way to her bedchamber. Leucadian cliff: The cliff where Sapho wanted to fling herself from after being shunned by her lover Phaon. Ambracia’s the land to be sought by you. Apollo on the heights watches the open sea: summoning the people of Actium and Leucadia. Here Deucalion, fired by love of Pyrrha, cast himself down, and struck the sea without harming his body. Without delay love turned and fled, from his slowly sinking breast: Deucalion was eased of his passion. The place obeys that law. Seek out the Leucadian height right away, and don’t be afraid to leap from the rock! Pasted from Palimpsest: A scroll or book where the writing can be scraped off and written off again. Tribade: The sexual position of scissoring Proper names: Achilles: Greek hero of the Trojan war in the Iliad. Agamemnon: In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (English pronunciation: /æɡəˈmɛmɒn/; Ancient Greek: Ἀγαμζμνων; modern Greek: Αγαμζμνονασ, "very steadfast") was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra, and the father of Electra and Orestes. Mythical legends make him the king of Mycenae or Argos, thought to be different names for the same area. When Helen, the wife of Menelaus, was abducted by Paris of Troy, Agamemnon commanded the united Greek armed forces in the ensuing Trojan War. Apollonius of Rhodes: Writer of the Argonautica…3rd Century BC. Aristophanes: 3rd-4th century BC comic playwright Baubo: Shows her genitals to Demeter to make her laugh after she has lost Persephone. Clytemnestra: The wife who kills Agamemnon in the Iliad...one of the children of Zeus and Leda. Dioscuri: Castor the son of Tyndarius and Pollux the son of Zeus, both eggs from Leda and twins. Eris: Goddess of chaos Eros: Son of Aphrodite...Greek God of Love Euripides: One of the three great Tragedians of Ancient Athens 3rd Century BC. Foucault: The History of Sexuality. In sexuality the active male is active in politics, provides...he is the penetrator. The young boy or woman is the penetrated...th
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