TERMS FOR TEST TWO
Metic - A foreigner who resided in Athens who was subject to the duties -- but not the rights -- of
citizenship (ex. they had to perform military service but were barred from the assembly). This was
usually either an immigrant or a freed slave.
Archon - One of nine Athenian officials who presided over the civic, military, and religious functions of
Athens (three for each).
Univira - A woman who had only one husband.
Coemptio - The symbolic sale of a bride to her husband in which the bride passes from her father's
manus to her husband's.
Pallake - A prostitute, usually a slave. Note: not the same as hetairai.
Epikleros - A Greek heiress, the daughter of a man who had no sons/other male heirs. Because women
couldn't own property, an heiress had to marry her father's closest relative if she wanted to keep that
Palimpsest - A tablet coated with wax so that the text could be scraped off and the tablet could be used
Tribade - A woman who had sex with other women. Refers to the act of rubbing against thighs.
Ekdosis- giving out of women, a wedding ceremony
Corpus - Refers to Hippocrates body of work
Gentilician priesthood: priest of a tribe or family=genos
Kanephoros - is a religious procession that a woman would lead carrying a basket (don't know the
Myesis - a stage in the Eleusinan Mysteries. Greek for "to close your eyes"
Ploutonian - a place where they would reenact the descending of Persephone into the underworld
during the Eleusinian Mysteries
October 23, 2012
Archon: One of nine Athenian officials who presided over the civic, military, and religious functions of
Athens (three for each).
Aste: Coemptio: Used by many plebeians, was effectively marriage by purchase
Confarreatio: In ancient Rome, confarreatio was a traditional patrician form of marriage. The
ceremony involved the bride and bridegroom sharing a cake of spelt, in Latin far or
panis farreus, hence the rite's name.
Ekdosis: Lit. “giving forth”: the ceremony at which the kurios of a betrothed bride gave her into the
hand of her new husband. Marriage in Athenian law took one of two forms, either by engue
and ekdosis or else (if a man died leaving his daughter with no kurios to give her away, and
no heir to his property) by the epidikasia of the epikleros.
Engye: A pledge...corresponding to the modern notion of engagement. A prelude to ekdosis
Epikleros: An epikleros was the daughter of a man who died leaving no male heir; she was not his
heiress, but possession of his estate went together with her hand in marriage. This system
of inheritance is described as the epiklerate.
Kyrios: A male relative of an Athenian woman. He would represent her in legal matters.
Manus (with/without): Ancient Roman marriage...under control of either her husband or her father
Metic: In ancient Greece, it referred to a resident alien, one who did not have citizen rights in his or
her Greek city-state (polis) of residence.
Moicheia: The Greek word for adultery
Oikos: The Ancient Greek equivalent of a household, home or family.
Pallake: A prostitute in Ancient Athens
pater familias: The head of a Roman family
Tutor: A teacher of male students . You always need guardian so if your father dies and you're still a
minor.then you be given a tutor (another male guardian), the woman would also need it,
unless she had more than 3 children then she can be her own guardian. Univira: A one man woman...married only once.
October 30, 2012
Choleric: Easily angered
Corpus: Refers to Hippocrates body of work
Hippocratic oath: The oath that doctor's swear that they will not harm...sleep with their patients, etc.
humors (4 humor theory): The idea that humans are made up of four humours...comes from
Hysteria: Coming from the womb. The best way to relieve women from this is to marry them and
have sex often.
Melancholic: Despondent, Irritable
Phlegmatic: Calm, Unemotional
Sanguine: Courageous, Amorous
wandering womb: If the womb doesn't get enough sex it dries up and travels through the body
November 06, 2012
Adonia: Adonis...a young mortal lover of Aphrodite…devastatingly handsome
He was gored by a boar...he went out hunting...Aphrodite told him not to...and that's what
Bion's Lament for Adonis: Beautiful poem about Aphrodite lamenting him
A festival for him celebrated in the early summer
An informal gathering of women...they would lament for him...sitting on rooftops...grow
gardens...make them dye...then throw them into the sea...to celebrate his beauty...to
represent his short life
Thesmophoria: Thesmos...law giver...title of Demeter/Ceres...pig sacrifices
Her daughter Persephone and for Demeter….for older women in the fall A festival for fertility
Anodos: 1st day of Thesmophoria festival to Persephone and Demeter: Anodos…accent...going
up...to the hill Pynx were the Assembly would take place(they would kick out the men)
Nesteia: THESMOPHORIA...A festival of fertility to Demeter/Ceres.
2nd day: Nesteia...a day of fasting...of mourning...like for Persephone. They would sit
around the statue of Demeter.
Kalligeneia: THESMOPHORIA...A festival of fertility to Demeter/Ceres.
3rd day: Kalligeneia...good birth...a day of merriment and gesting...would make
obscene jokes like Iambi (Baubo). Would take piglets and throw them into pits...have
cakes shaped like penises and throw them to the pigs...let the pigs rot...then use them
as compost. This has to do with fertility
Arkteia: At the Attic site, or Brauron, in the rite called arkteia, girls representing the polis of Athens
imitated she-bears, arktoi.
Celebrated at Brauron; sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia
Artemis is a virgin goddess, transitions from different phases in women's life
Brauron, in Attica...would happen every 4 years...only the women's daughters could partake
Lots of dancing, 20km journey from the Acropolis...would wear saffron coloured
robes...would sometimes be wearing bear masks.
The myth is that their was a bear sacred to Artemis...their was a little girl playing with the
bear...it scratched her...they killed it...Artemis was mad and sent a plague that could only be
stopped if little girls pretended to be bears.
Anthesteria: A festival of drinking
Pithogia: It was the first day...Pithos...jar….the opening of the jars
Choes…2nd day...when they all got drunk...livations….(chorus)...slaves could participate
Dionsysus...of the marshes….would taste the new wine
Was considered a day of pollution
Would paint their doors black
Would drink a lot…2.5 litres
At three you would get your first litre
A sacrificial symbol blood as wine...Dionysius ripped apart by the Titans and his blood
Basilinna, wife of Archon Basileus(the king magistrate)...she was in charge of:...
Gerarai, 'venerable ones'…14 women who would take this sacrificial oath to bind
themselves together...temple of