CLA 219 – Proper Names

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Regina Höschele

CLA 219 – Midterm I + II Review R. Höschele 09/11 – 11/06/12 PROPER NAMES - Achilles – character in Homer’s Iliad; the son of Peleus and Thetis, great (tragic) hero of the Trojan War, killer of Hector and cousin of Patroclus; near-immortal hero whose only weakness is his heel (Achilles’ heel ~ weakness) - Adonis – beautiful boy, lover of Aphrodite, died tragically, honoured by Adonia o Became a god of beauty and desire; ever-youthful vegetation god o Synonymous with “handsome youth” - Agamemnon – character in Homer’s Iliad; brother of Menelaus, husband of Clytemnestra, father of Elektra and Orestes, king of the Myceneans or Argos, commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War - Aglaurus – (Aglaulus) one of the three daughter of Cecrops, killed herself when she saw Erechthonius inside the basket with snakes, after Athena told them explicitly not to look inside - Alkibiades – (Alcibiades) Athenian statesman, general; part of the Alcmaeonidae; student of Socrates, involved in the Sicilian expedition and the Hermokpidae scandal (instigator; the dismemberment of the herms) o Involved with prostitutes – wife got tired of him, left him for her brother’s house and tried to divorce him, but Alcibiades retrieves her and brings her home - Apollonius of Rhodes – wrote the Argonautica, epic about Jason and the Argonauts, Medea and the Golden Fleece - Aristophanes – wrote the Thesmoporiazusae about Euripides and the women hounding him during the festival; Father of Comedy - Asklepias – god of healing, son of Apollo, temple advocates incubation (i.e., dreaming the treatment of an illness); symbol the snake-entwined staff - Baubo – character in the Rape of Persephone myth, palace servant that cheered up Demeter by flashing her genitals; alternate version of Iambe – represent obscene songs (in iambic meter) sung to relieve emotional stress/tension at Eleusinian Mysteries - Boutes – (Butes) son of Pandion, king of Athens, brother of Erechtheus, the first to inherit the priesthoods tied to the kingship, ancestor of the Etoubotadai, priests of Athena Polias o A priest of Poseidon and Athena, worshipped as a hero by the Athenians - Cecrops – father of Herse, Aglaurus, and Pandrosus, the daughters that established the underground ritual of the Arrhephoria, legendary first king of Athens - Clytemnestra – adulterous wife of Agamemnon, mother of Orestes, mortal twin sister of Helen, and sister of Castor and Pollux; deemed the bad wife in opposition to Penelope - Clodius Pulcher – the defiler, instigator of the Bona Dea scandal – intended to seduce one of the women during the sacred secret festival; rival of Cicero - Dioscuri – Roman name for the twins Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces), one mortal, one divine, protectors of the people; also known as the Gemini; associated with horsemanship, patrons of sailors - Erechtheus – mythical founder of the Athenians, born from the soil enriched by the semen of Hephaestus wiped off from Athena’s thigh, making him the son of the virgin goddess; archaic king of Athens; has a sanctuary, Erechtheion, dedicated to him on the Acropolis - Erigone – hung herself after seeing the dead body of her father, Icarius of Athens, killed by his drunken shepherds (because Dionysius gave them wine for being hospitable towards him) – Dionysus made her the constellation Virgo; honoured by swinging children in the Anthesteria, symbolic of love and death; supposedly married Dionysus before she died - Eris – goddess of discord that initiated Trojan War through the Judgment of Paris, uninvited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, parents of Achilles, owner of an engraved golden apple, companion of Ares - Eros – son of Aphrodite (or a primordial god), Greek counterpart of Cupid, god of love; has Psyche as his consort - Euripides – Greek Tragedy playwright, wrote (misogynistic?) plays about women like Helen and Medea, plays like Captive Melanippe about importance of women in religious rituals, subject of Aristophanes’ Thesmoporiazusae - Foucault – modern philosopher, sexuality as a historical construct; ancient sexual discourse of power – active adult male and passive younger male/woman - Gorgias – sophist, philosopher; wrote the Encomium of Helen in the style of Athenian speeches, scared of divine retribution - Hagnodike – first female midwife of antiquity (ancient female medical practitioners); Athenian, disguised herself as a woman to study medicine; jealous of her success among women, peers accused of morally corrupting her patients, and when she revealed her gender to be acquitted, she was accused of breaking the law, but her patients came to her rescue o Paved the way for female medical practitioners - Hesiod – Greek oral poet, 8 c. BC, wrote the Works and Days and the Theogony - Hipparchus – Athenian tyrant w
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