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Terms and Proper Names for Midterm 2

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Regina Höschele

Midterm 2 Prep Terms archon Chief magistrate in ancientAthens aste Women could not be a poliltes (a member of the polis, male citizen) Women would be aste because her citizenship didnt involve any political rights coemptio Afictitious notional sale of the woman to the husband Occurred at any point in the marriage This transaction occurred with the guarding in the presence of at least five witnesses, all of whom were adult male Roman citizens This was a rare practice confarreatio Traditional patrician form of marriage Ceremony involved the bride and bridegroom sharing a cake of spelt The Flamen Dialis and Pontifex Maximus presided over the wedding, and then witnesses had to be present Therefore quite rare The woman is passed directly form the hand of her father or head of household to that of her new husband ekdosis The giving out of the woman The transfer of the woman to the dwelling of the bridegroom engye Oral contract of betrothal between father and future husband Father says I pledge so and so for the purpose of producing legitimate children The man says I accept the pledge Woman is passive object of transaction epikleros Translated as heiress not not really what it means Means with the property In a case where you have no sons your daughter would have all the fathers property, but she would need to be married The property was attached to the girl, but she didnt really possess it Her male descendants would still be from line of father so the husband of the epikleros would make sure that the male descendants got the property This is why Solon passed the law that the husband of an epikleros must sleep with her at least 3 times a mont Midterm 2 Prep kyrios The guardian of a woman manus (with/without) Ancient Roman marriage, of which there were two types: Cum manu: the wife was placed under the legal control of the husband Sine manu: the wife was still under legal control of her father Originally cum manu was the only form of marriage but then sine manu became more popular metic Immigrants inAthens Could not own land or houses (immovable property) moicheia Adultery oikos The house/the household The whole estate pallake Live in mistress whose children are illegimited pater familias The head of a roman family Latin term for father of the family or the owner of the family estate He held privilege over the property and varying levels of authority over his dependents (wife and children and adopted relations, clients, freedmen and slaves) tutor An office of rank given to one of the most trustworthy slaves univira Awoman who was only married once Not a cultural expectation or in the interest of the state choleric The condition of humors in which you are dry and hot Hot-tempered corpus Means body, and often refers to a body of works (literature) Hippocratic oath Sworn by modern doctors to adhere to certain principles Midterm 2 Prep Widely believed to have been either written by hippocrates, the father of western medicine, or one of his students Humors (4 humor theory) Humor related to body and the fluids therein related to mood There were 4 combinations: Dry and hot = yellow bile Dry and cold = black bile Wet and hot = blood Wet and cold = phlegm These elements theories to be in every person Depending on what prevails that is what constitutes our mood of behavior hysteria Malfunction of the uterus and the wandering womb lead to hysteria in women Something that is propagated right into the 19th century Best way to prevent this was to marry them off and give them to a man who will have sex with them Virgins are exceptional hysterical She gets visions or feelings that compel her to seek death Virgins should cohabit as soon as possible with a man If they get pregnant they are cured Sterile married women likely to suffer from hysteria Part of domesticating the female melancholic Having dry and cold humors leading to a melancholy disposition phlegmatic Having wet and cold humors leading to a lethargic disposition sanguine Wetness and hotness relating to an optimistic disposition wandering womb The womb is a living animal, first seen in Plato It needs moisture and if it dries it moves to other parts of the body If she doesnt have enough sex it gets dry and become angry and miserable without sex It moves to other parts that are wetter and presses against organs whereby making her insane If you get pregnant youll be cured This disease most common among virgins and non-sexually active women To cure they would take smells that are really nasty, have women smell it, and when the womb smells these things it returns to its proper place and put very fragrant scents near the vagina Magical tradition puts curses on wandering womb and tries to make it behave
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