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CLA230 Final Exam Notes.doc

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Ephraim Lytle

CLA230 Exam NotesMidterm 1 NotesHerodotusConsidered the father of historyOne of the first Greek historians Not only talked about the Greeks but also talked about the great deeds of the barbarians etcHe did this so that great deeds done by anyone wouldnt get lost in timeHistorie means inquiry History is rooted in this work and came because of himHe collected the stories of people related to the wars Greco Persian war and then compiled those stories into his accountsThucydidesCame after Herodotus greek vs Persian warHe wrote about the Peloponnesian war Athens and allies vs Sparta and alliesHates Herodotus thinks he is a liarThought his work was more scientific than Herodotus He tried to figure out the specific causes of the war as opposed to Herodotus Rainfall in Greece fluctuated a lot in the past Which caused unstable farming which meant people had to produce a variety of crops or elseOnly few places had arable land a lot of the rest of Greece was mountainsMediterranean Triad Grapeswine grainswheat etc olives They were able to flourish due to these crops which they even exported later on to other countriesGrape vines were bundled up into basketballs which stopped the wind from wreaking it and therefore it could grow in places where other crops couldntFrancthi CaveEarly prehistoryThere were people there from 20000 BC to 3000 BCFrom the food evidence in the cave we can see the move from hunter gather society to agrarian societyThere is evidence of trade like obsidian from milosThe House of Tiles in LernaEarly Bronze Age siteThe place in Lerna has fortifications around the HouseThe fortifications signified that either the House of Tiles was important enough to have fortification or the times were bad enough to require themIt was large compared to other houses at the timeIt seems there were a lot of seals in the house which could signify someone important lived there who used said seals We assume commodities were brought there and tradedsealed or somethingIt burns down sometime and never gets usedCorridor houses like the House of Tiles but smaller seem to pop around a bit later afterIt shows that from early to middle bronze age they had a hierarchy and sophistication system of some sortCrete Minoan CivilizationKnossos one of the largerimportant palaces in CreteTextbook says all of Crete was possibly controlled from Knossos People think that because of the wall painting in the palace of people bringing things into the palace that eitheroThere is some sort of redistribution of goods supports Knossos being importantoReligious festivals or people bringing objects for taxation also supportsKamares WareoHighest quality pottery of Minoan civilization oBut not produced or controlled in any place which is counterintuitive to the idea that Knossos was some type of head of CreteLinear A found cant be readjibber jabber oAlways found in storage areas Maybe had to do with tracking commoditiesMinoans were the most advanced in the Aegean sea for middle late bronze ageAkrotiri SantoriniNorth of CreteThought big volcano eruption may have endeddestabilized Minoan civilization People argued if it was a colony of Crete because there were materials from Crete and their arts Fresce Frieze etc seemed to be influenced by CreteBut their pottery seems to also be influenced by CycladesMinoans may not have colonized it but it seems CreteMinoans were very influential in the areaMinoanizationMycenae MycenaeanHeinrich Schliemann found grave circle A and B in MycenaeoThe graves were one of the most amazing archaeological discoveries ever made Circle B had 35 people in it and both had a lot of jewels gold pottery etcoOne of the things was a golden mask which Heinrich thought depicted Agamemnon Thought it was Agamemnons city but he was wrong A lot of evidence Mycenaeans were rich Eg Lions gate Treasury of Atreus etcThe Mycenaean Megaron throne room
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