reading lect sum prt 2.rtf

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Victoria Wohl

Pederasty = adult man Erastes would have an eromenos young man was meant to be an educational experience a younger man under his wing But it was also erotic – courtship and desire for an older man Strict time limits on when you can be an eromenos when your beard grew in you were done Socrate – male desire = more powerful good because the boy gets experience good for society because the new generationknows whats going on Pederasty was thought of as normal, even in marriage For men, sexualgratification came from external places pederasty, porne – women on the street, hetaira – upperclass girls , foreign raised men would hire them, Pallake – live in mistress Eromenos for pleasure, wife for children Women could have relationships with female slaves Women on top plays – inversion involves women taking over polies – shows possibility that women could pull something off Not endorsing/advocating womens rights Play tries to show women stereotypes of women dipicted in play: women are sex crazed, women as pacifists, unreliable – theyre always late, theyre only good for sex even women accept their rules as sexual pawns turns weakness into strength – theyre sexual pawns that men cant live without Polis = male realm, oikos = female realm Oikos= mini polis, polis = macro-oikos she treats the polies like an oikos, so she knows what shes doing Oikos and polis are not different as men pretend, if you can run an oikos you can kind of have a role in society children are womens prime role in polis and oikos Women producing, city cosuming – inversion of pandora model Play suggests women have something vital to contribute to the polis challenges stereotype of female incompetence but reinforces that men are better for the roles She ends the warbut the men just focused on the female body (reconciliation) Pla ends war but also goes back to status quo Men went home and described the play and women wanted to be apple at the top of the tree March 9 Reading Summary – Plutarch Life of Solon; Solon 'Political Verses” Generally, Solon's reforms appear to have been constitutional, economic and moral in their scope. This distinction, though somewhat artificial, does at least provide a convenient framework within which to consider the laws that have been attributed to Solon. Some short term consequences of his reforms are considered at the end of the section Look to lecture for more indepth summary Lecture internal divisions within Greece us vs. Us more problematic between us and them because when we compare each other too much, we loose our sense of unity Athenian culture defined by the other Metics – internal other Slaves and tyrant were most important internal other eleutheria was defined by this Slaves had no rights no political no autonomy – couldnt marry without consent of their master couldnt deny sexual advances goes against eleutheria because in eleutheria – you are your own master Hubris = court csse of some other citizen felt that they were better than another citizen If someone assulted a slaveit would be hubris agaisnt the slaves master Slaves would always seperate-physis was different aristotle calls them living tools Tyrant is the only freeman having total power and auctothony monopolizes all power/freedom Tyranny is often associated with Barbarians Athenians defined tyrants as haters no one can force themselves on Athenian will SOLON wrote laws for the later democracy anti-tyrranical stance is recitted in his poetry and laws solon refused to be a tyrrant poem 4 opposed tyrrany poem 5 balance between rich a poor Solon returned to be tyrant but set up another tyrant – law Athenians were subject to la not a person – but its the same Solons reforms were economic returns; social and political transformation minimalized public displays of wealth economic equality was the biggest conflict in Athens Everyone had an oppertunity to partiipate in politics through a lottery system solon lays the theoretical position by establishing rules under full democracy eveyrone has equal rights there wasnt real political equality because there wasnt economic equality solon didnt resolve problem – he passed it down to the next generation tried to increase domestic wealth – everyone had to learn to trade abolished doweries – wealthy would only marry wealthy for money can no longer show your money in public- no elaborate funeral rights solon made different tax brackets Political reforms – same as economic reforms moderate reform that sought to give everyone a spot in society March 19 Reading summary – PS. Xenophone – constitution of Athens Included in the shorter works of Xenophon is a hostile treatise about the Athenian Constitution. The author, who appears to be an Athenian, regards the Athenian democracy as undesirable, as giving the mob undue voice in the state; but he argues that it is well- designed for its purpose, if you wanted so vile a thing to be done. The author goes on to say that whilst 'the good', a description he uses to cover the rich and the aristocracy of Athens, are better qualified to run the state due to their wealth and education, this would lead to 'the masses' being disenfranchised as the rich would naturally act in their own interests, leading to the suppression of the lower classes. The Athenian democracy allows the poor to exert their influence, in line with the thetes' crucial role in the Athenian Navy and therefore in Athens' affairs. Lecture Athenians had measures to mitigate dangers of inequality Athens as a full democracy radical democracy direct democracy democracy built on principles to make sure political equality was maintained Eklisia – assembly of the whole demos Assembly day begins with Herald asking who wanted to speak records of nobody speaking didnt happen Dikasteria – consided by some to be the most democratic aspect of Athenian society Poverty was an issue to political things economic inequality jeapordized political equality Navy made Athens an empire – rowers considered lowest class in Athens Rich thought best rulers were themselves hoi poloi- the many oligoi-oligarchy – the rule of a few Democracy gives more power to the masses, rather than respectable citizens In Athens slaves lead undisciplined life March 21 Reading Summary – Aristophones – wasps Athens street. Street scene outside the home of Bdelycleon (whose name means “Cleon hater”), where two slaves stand guard. They explain that their master is holding his old father, Philocleon (“Cleon lover”), captive inside the house to keep him from joining the other old jurors who follow the philosophy of the ruling tyrant Cleon by daily sentencing anyone brought before them, especially political prisoners. A chorus of old jurors, resembling wasps because of the way they “sting the accused,” come to call for their colleague. The house is covered with a net, and although Philocleon attempts to escape by chewing through the net, he is restrained. To placate his father, Bdelycleon stages a mock trial of a dog. The dog, accused of stealing cheese, is tried in front of the house in much the same manner as all Athenian trials were staged outdoors and open to the public. House of Bdelycleon (DEH-lih-klee-on). As a final gesture in changing the attitudes of his father, Bdelycleon takes him inside his house to introduce him to elite society. The audience does not see this indoor scene, but listens instead to the chorus of Wasps, being told about how the old man is insulting everyone inside. Soon Philocleon returns outdoors—to the proper location for action in a Greek play—with a young woman entertainer and challenges his old colleagues to a dance contest as the play ends. Lecture Before plays began religious ceremonies would occur Individual dipicted as respected but sufferes trauma – tragedy chorus goes “tut tut” and judges individual dont try to stand out/be better than others Public needs elites, but if they get too big/powerful = problems for city Aristophones was sued by Kleioa Looks like you cant take a joke/ no sense of humor mocked for no sense of humor comedy is the kratos of the demos Lysistrata: Any guy dipicted -> what happens when men dont live up to societies standards Wasps: concentrate on court symptom – dikasteria Wasps: double coflict – yound and old, masses and elite father: kovecleon – father obsessed with jury duty father starts court cases at home, tries the dog Wealthy men would beg the jury in athenian court Meidias vs demosteres charging medias for getting pucnhced in the face while recieving an award at city dionysia acuses him of being huberistic and tyrranical the way you win courtcases in not on facts but to convince the demos that you are one of them and they should help you Wasps: son tries to care for his fathers addiction Cleon prominant politician after death of Pericles Cleons family was wealthy but father was industrialist demos loved cleon elite hated him- and represented him as a prostitute Aristophones contracts to himseld says his own plays are political intervention – presents political views through his dreams doesnt criticize democracy, but suggests demos is being mislead Love cleons alternative to law court – symposium Elite enjoyed wealth at symposium Demos feared anti-democrocy conspiricy occured at symposium Aristophones play represents symposium from elite point of view almost to say that the demos can not acheive kaloskagathos Pro-democracy love cleon -> anit-democracy hate cleon Athens maybe us and them but as long as we can sit together and laugh we are all part of the same community March 26 – Thucydedies – debate in Sparta Reading summary In the Debate at Sparta, Thucydides is clearly trying to show how different the Spartans and the Athenians are from each other. During the three speeches of the section, he sets up a dichotomy with one faction on one side and the other faction on the other. He wants to show how different and dissimilar Athens is from Sparta and visa-versa. T
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