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Centre for Drama, Theatre and Performance Studies
David Roberts

Theory of Dance Performance Tuesday Jan 10/12 Lecture 1 Introduction Styles of Ballet • Vaganova (aka russian style) Leningrad, vaganova choreographic institute in Leningard, now Vaganowa Academy of Russian Ballet (Vaganova is a woman) • Cecchetti (italian) until 90s Canada’s National Ballet School used this as the basis for its training • Cecchetti Societies developed in many countires head office London under I.S.T.D. (imperial society of teachers of dancing) • Royal Academy of Dance (english) London , est to raised standars in the UK in 1920 under the name association of operatic dancing of Great Britainm received its royal charter in 1936 • Codified type of ballet Enrico Cecchetti: The Maestro (1850-1928) Maestro: master, teacher, expert… • • Born to Cesare Cecchetti (1821-1899) and Sarafina Casali (1828-1800) • Cesare was a choreographer and Sarafina was a dancer • Marries Guisippina De Maria (1857-1927) • 6 children The Legacy • 1922 Cyril Beaumont helped codify Cecchetti’s work by writing “the manual” • Cecchetti societies exits in many countries as does Cecchetti international • CICB: Cecchetti International Canadian Branch Graded examinations 1-6 • • Major examinations: intermediate, adv 1, adv 2, Cecchetti Diploma • Codified means your setting out a system Attitude Croise • Statue of Mercury by Jean Bologne (1524-1608) • Statue created in 1850 as Corner 2 Wall 5 Corner 1 bronze called “Flying Mercury” refers to the Greek Messenger God • Knee higher... Lecture 2 Tuesday Jan 17, 2012 Due Dates th • Lecture 3: draft, Jan 24 • Lecture 7: review of Wall 6 Wall 8 literature, Feb 28 th • Lecture 10: Critical analysis, March 20 th Lecture 12: final • rd presentation, April 3 • New email [email protected] 8 directions of the body Croise devant • • A la quatriem devant • Ecarte • Efface • A la second A la quatrieme derriere Corner 3 Wall 7 Corner 4 • • Croise derriere 7 mvmts in dancing (PERGSET) • Plie: to bend • Entendre: to stretch • Relever: to rise • Glisser: to glide • Sauter: to jump • Elancer: to dart • Tourner: to turn 8 pts of the room Days of the week • Cecchetti’s created a method of training his dancers that he followed throughout his life. His “days of the week” format included a theme for 6 days of training and it created a well-rounded dancer • This method of developing dancers was unique to Cecchetti and relevant to today’s reading from the Clippinder text and the topic of imagery for postural alignment b/c “Monday” was in part about the establishment of the line of aplomb • A way of training • Went through everything w/in the 6 days The Maestro by G.Poesio • Who are these ppl? • Giovanni Lepri trained Cecchetti at his school Ecole de Danse in Florence, which provided the corps de ballet for La pergola Theatre • Lepri was a student of Carlo Blasis (1795-1878) he link Cecchetti to Blasis • Blasis, a teacher and theorist ran on of the most important schools of the period, Imperiale Regia Accademia di Danza • Cecchetti’s teaching originally came from Blasis • Marius Petipa (1818-1910) French born, renowned choreograoher, well known for his structure of the pas de deux • Sleep beauty is some of his finest choreography, look at Blue Bird Pas de Deux as example of Cecchetti’s type of role and the structure of the pas de deux • Sergej Pavlovich de Diaghilev (Serge Diaghilev) (1872-1929), impresario, Les Ballet Russes (ballet company) Postural Alignment • Dance can place an enormous amt of pressure on the back. Is it therefore essential for a dancer to learn how to use the spine effectively • Learning to use the entire spine san dec the risk of injury and improve performance skills The spine • The spine is a column of 33 bones called the vertebrae • Connect the skull, shoulders, ribs, pelvis, and legs • B/w vertebrae are tough, fibrous cartilage called discs • Discs act as cushions and absorbs shock • The spinal column also protects the spinal cord which is responsible for our voluntary and involuntary mvmt • 5 main sections • Cervical • Thoracic • Lumbar • Sacrum • Coccyx • Spinal health is dependent on the maintenance of these natural curves in the spine Cervical spine • 7 vertebrae • Smaller • Supports the head (~14 lbs) • When the head is unbalanced due to muscular tension or even skeletal issues, balance is compromised (eg. The use of “spotting” while turning) Thoracic spine • 12 large vertebrae • The ribs attach to the sides of the vertebrae • The combination of the size of vertebrae ad the attachment to the ribs dec the mobility and flexibility of this region • Mvmt along the entire spine helps to facilitate flexibility in the thoracic spine Area that is hard to utiliz
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