Summaries on Kim Dae Jung, Kim Young Sam, & Roh Mu Hyun

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East Asian Studies
Young Yoo

< Kim Young Sam and Korea[s Socio-Political Scene > Roh Tae Woo th o Succeeded Chun Doo Hwan as the 13 President of Republic of Korea o Formed the 6 Republic (1988~1993) o Hosted the 1988 Seoul Olympics o First President to be elected by popular vote Prior to Roh, Presidents were elected through NCU (National Council for Unification) since Yushin constitution th 6 Republic ^transitory democracy_; post-democratization era Unleashed 30 years of military totalitarianism Achieved international relations (particularly with socialist countries) ^less war-like and more peaceful_ o 1 Republic J Rhee Syng Man(1 ~3 President) nd th o 2 Republic J Yun Po Sun(4 President) o 3 Republic ~ 4 Republic J Park Chung Hee(5 ~9 President) th o Choi Kyu Ha (10 President) o 5 Republic J Chun Doo Hwan(11 ~12 President) Roh[s Dilemma o Low popularity Votes widely divided N Roh only 36% N 3 Kim[s J (YS: 27%, DJ:26%, JP:8%) o Influenced by Regionalism Park J Chun J Roh Kyungsang Province Kim DJ Jeolla Province Image as Chun[s successor Nordpolitik o Roh[s Northern Policy (part of Unification policy) o Idea came from Billy Brandt[s East Policy o ^opening the Korean society to the Communist bloc_ Make diplomatic treaties with Hungary, Russia, and China N Hungary J 1989 N Russia J 1990 o Met Head of USSR (then, Mikhail Gorbachev) and US President (then, George Bush Sr.) at San Francisco in 1990 enhanced Korea[s international reputation N China J 1992 o Objective: persuade North Korean government to recognize South Korea as a legitimate government Restoration of Democratic Rule o Roh[s catch phrase but Roh[s government was neither au authoritarian nor a fully democratic government, but a transitory democratic th o Eight Point Program (June 29 , 1987) provided democratic drive and new political climate for dialogue and compromise Direct Presidential election system Restoration of civil rights to all black-listed political leaders
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