EAS103 Exam Study Notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
East Asian Studies
Graham Sanders

EAS103 Study Notes 12/9/2012 11:56:00 AM King Sejong  The forth King in Choson Korea  Improved army and navy to defeat the pirates  Extended Choson territory north  Established Hall of Worthies in 1420; published a lot of books  His goal was to spread learning beyond elites Queen Sondok  Queen of Silla, Korea during 632-647  Silla’s highest social status  Asked Taizong to pressure on Kuguryo in order to stop the attack on Silla  Started the clan events that eventually unified Silla Dynasty Silla th  One of the three kingdoms in Korea during the 4 century; the other two were Koguryo and Paekche  Developed due to the decline of Chinese power  Significant because they used Chinese political practices to control the kingdom with monarchy Hwarang (Flower Youth) th  An elite group of male youth in Silla lasted until 10 century  Including educational institutions and social clubs, members gathered for all aspects of arts and culture based on Buddhism  A lot of them are descendants of royal families Dadu “Great Captial”  Modern Beijing, also known as Khanbali  Established in 1271  Found by Khubilai and constructed as capital for the Liao and Jin  When China was under Mongol Rule Khubilai Khan  Chinggis’s grandson  Under his leadership when Mongols conquered Korea and China  The founder of Yuan Dynasty in China and became emperor in 1260 Amaterasu  Part of Japanese myth cycle and a major deity of Shinto region  The goddess of the sun and universe  Oldest tales from 680 AD  Historian claims that rulers are all descendants of Amaterasu  Made his descendent Jimmu to rule over the world Bone Rank  A system in silla that referred to sical organization  The monarchy and the descendant of royal families cannot be drop to commoners, also known as True Bone  Youth of royal families took parts in “flower youth” for practice of military skills and engage for cultural activities Emperor Go-Daigo  Monarch in 1321-1331  Plan to restore power to the monarchy to enhance Kamakaura shogunate’s fall  Revived monarchical records office & attracted able administrator who reasserted royal prerogative of adjudicating law suits  Later, Shogunate found out about his plot and arrested him and his accomplices and exiled them Kamakura  1180-1333  located northeast of Kyoto  Governance by Kamakura Shogunate  Originally from the military government Prince Shotoku (573-621)  Empress Suiko’s nephew  Urge the Yamato court to adapt Chinese political practice and promoted Buddhism and Confucianism; stated in “Seventeen Injunctions”  Wanted to make good relationship with Sui dynasty in China Nara  The capital of Japan from 710-794, during Nara period  During Jito’s reign, officials began putting together official histories and creating a set of written administrative rules and law codes  They started adapting Chinese-style bureaucratic structure  All land belong to the ruler Fujiwara  Is an era Fujiwara lineage came between 900-1050  Low population and economy growth  Nine rank system: three major groups  A powerful family of regents in Japan, dominated the Japanese politics of Heian period  Gradually lost its control over mainstream politics due to the abdication of emperors Todaiji
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