EAS103 Final Notes.docx

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East Asian Studies
Graham Sanders

EAS103 Final Exam WHO WHAT WHEN WHERE SIGNIFICANCE Koguryŏ Kingdom - first to be established a-d - period of the Three - Korea - first kingdom to embrace the largest of the three Kingdoms Buddhism as the state religion in kingdoms in which ancient Korea Kthea was divided until late 7 century - active participant in the power struggle for the control of the Korean peninsula and was also associated with foreign affairs in China and Japan Silla - one of the three kingdoms - period of the Three - Korea - one of world’s longest sustained of Korea that consolidated Kingdoms dynasties the other two - adopted Buddhism as state religion and the Chinese bureaucratic structure but its aristocracy was never replaced by a bureaucratic class based on merit - Hwarang emerged from this kingdom Hwarang (Flower Youth) - aristocrat warriors - group of warrior corps - Silla Dynasty, since - Silla - military spirit and skills, and th from True Bone families that trained in areas the 6 century CE loyalty to the king and the nation including the arts, contributed to the power of the education, martial arts, and Silla army and unify Korea culture Queen Sŏndŏk - first reigning queen of - influenced thought, - period of the Three - Silla - under her reign, she unified Korea th th th Silla literature, and the arts in Kingdoms (4 to 7 in the 7 century Silla century CE) - built many temples and advanced - built the first observatory Silla culture in the Far East, patroned Buddhism as the state religion, and made important political contacts th “Bone Rank” - system of aristocratic rank - SillthDynasty in 5 - Silla - system was invented to control during the Silla Dynasty and 6 century CE the populace and firm the ruler’s - designation of a person’s hold on power but it later hereditary bone rank undermined the entire Later Silla signified how close they Kingdom were related to royalty, and thus what rights and privileges they had in society Chang Pogo - a military commander - patrolled the Yellow Sea - late Unified Silla - Unified Silla - monopolized international trade and the South Sea and had period in East Asia and was an influential maritime command in figure in late Silla politics Chonghaejin - helped one of the Silla prince gain the throne Amaterasu - Japanese Shinto - claimed by the Yamato as - recorded in - Japan - all later Japanese emperors are goddess of the sun its guardian diety foundith myths of said to be descendants of her the 7 century Yamato - claimed themselves - A centralized polity that - During the Kofun - in Nara prefecture, - chief of the Yamato clan became the most powerful clans took in Chinese culture and Asuka periods then known as the the first emperor of Japan at the time, believing to and religion (especially Yamato state - The clan began the imperial be descendants from Buddhism), and dynasty and became the unifying the sun goddess established writing system force in Japan based on Chinese characters Nara - first permanent capital in - from early to late - Nara prefecture - important in history where the Japan, modeled after Tang eighth century, the Japanese state was first Dynasty’s Chang-an until Nara period consolidated the late eighth century - Buddhism flourished here as well as Chinese culture and literature Prince Shōtoku - member of the - created Japan’s first - end of sixth - greatly contributed to Japanese imperial clan constitution, the century to the society, building important Seventeen-Article beginning of the temples, creating the first Constitution, and help seventh century constitution, establishing official spread Buddhism in Japan ranks in court, and brought many as well as Chinese influence ideas from China to Japan rd Queen Himiko - a shaman queen and - ruled through her - 3 century CE - Yamatai state - symbolized the unity of the Yayoi the first known ruler of brother, and was believed ppl, and Yamatai kingdom Japan to be able to communicate prospered under her rule directly with gods Tea Ceremony - ceremonial preparation - Kamakura period - influenced by Zen Buddhism and presentation for green tea, first used to teach warriors and priests aristocratic standards of taste - introduced from China Essays in Idleness - written by poet and - Kamakura period - important literary art, influenced hermit Yoshida Kenko, a by Buddhism in Japan’s Middle collection of his essays on Ages his thoughts about the world around him Koryŏ - founded by Wang - Korea evolved more - founded in mid - place where the world’s first Geon, united the Later independently of China tenth century movable metal type was invented Three Kingdoms than before and known for its celadon pottery - commercial economy and Buddhist Tripataka declined, pervasive practice - name where English name of slavery, many military, “Korea” is derived violent succession struggles - controlled by the Mongols for a brief while - Buddhism and Confucianism flourished Empress Ki - born in Korea and was - a very powerful secondary - Yuan Dynasty - one of the most powerful Koreans a consort of the Mongol empress in the Mongol
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