East Asian History Final Exam Study Note
Shou Yi Chao
The first women who had great political power appeared during the mid-Tang
dynasty. Historians researched on her success; viewed her as a seductress and
usurper and had good skills of manipulation and no ethics. The significance of
Empress Wu is that she declared herself as the first and only female emperor.
The most important writer and thinker of politics during Tang dynasty. The
significance is that he argued that the Confucian tradition had been passed
down but disrupted, and appeal(呼籲) to go back to the Analects and Mencius
in order to revive the Way of the Sages.
A Queen of Silla during the year of 632. The significance is that she used
Buddhism to control her kingdom. Also, considering “the enemy of my enemy if
my friend,” she asked Taizong of Tang to pressure on Koguryo in order to stop its
attack to Silla.
In Japan, the goddess of the sun, also the universe, meaning “shining in heaven”.
A major deity of the Shinto religion
Prince of Japan during the end of 5 century, he Opened the relation with Sui
dynasty in China with Suito. They promoted Buddhism and reorganized the
court of Japan.
Liao Dynasty and Xia dynasty, later became the Northern Song, the Jurchens and
Mongols, were both rivals to Song dynasty. It was huge but sparse; the
government was mobile and the ruler was always moving. Zhu Xi
The master of the Southern Song Confucianism, helped the dynasty to build an
ideal society by establishing private schools based on Confucianism, after the
loss of the north to the Jurchens while people lost confidence. His significance is
that he was an wise elite that could be said as a successor of Confucius.
A powerful family of regents in Japan, dominated the Japanese politics of Heian
period (794-1185) through the monopoly of regent positions.
The Fujiwara gradually lost its control over mainstream politics due to the
abdication of emperors.
A Korean era founded in 935 by Wang Kon, had to cooperate with the Khitans,
Jurchens and Mongols in China to maintain its power; one of the most
significance was the introduction of the Song Dynasty version of Confucianism.
The capital of Tang dynasty. It was the largest capital that had yet been seen.
A place near Chang’an, there are thousands of original documents in the temple
at Dunhuang, contributed to the social and economic relations.
One of the three kingdoms in Korean during the 4 century, the other two were
Koguryo and Paekche. The state developed due to the decline of Chinese power
and a diaspora of Chinese fleeing turmoil. The significance is that they used
Chinese political practices to control the kingdom and the monarchy.
One of the Korean kingdoms, the other two were Silla and Paekche. It was the
most powerful kingdom of the Northern Korea with its capital at Manchuria.
The significances is that it had adopted Confucian and Buddhism administrative
patterns, and also Chinese writing from China. Also it carried Chinese
knowledge to Japan.
Bone Rank A system in Silla that referred to social organization, the monarchy and the
descendant of the royal families were called True Bone families and they could
not drop to the commoner status.
The capital of Japan from 710 to 794, referred to the Nara period.
A Korean word meaning “country,” the significance is referred to the immigrants
to Japan during 20 century.
A Chinese dynasty created by Sima Yan, replacing Wei dynasty in 286. The
significance in Korean history is that Xianbei people had attacked Puyo and took
thousands of captives.
From 794-1180, the period in Japan when Buddhism, Daoism and other Chinese
influences were at their hright and it’s the last division of classical Japanese
history and the significance is that it was considered the peak of the Japanese
imperial court for its art, poetry