East Asian History Final Exam Study Note.docx

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East Asian Studies
Graham Sanders

East Asian History Final Exam Study Note Shou Yi Chao 2011-12-14 9am-11am EM119 Empress Wu  The first women who had great political power appeared during the mid-Tang dynasty. Historians researched on her success; viewed her as a seductress and usurper and had good skills of manipulation and no ethics. The significance of Empress Wu is that she declared herself as the first and only female emperor. Han Yu  The most important writer and thinker of politics during Tang dynasty. The significance is that he argued that the Confucian tradition had been passed down but disrupted, and appeal(呼籲) to go back to the Analects and Mencius in order to revive the Way of the Sages. Queen Sondok  A Queen of Silla during the year of 632. The significance is that she used Buddhism to control her kingdom. Also, considering “the enemy of my enemy if my friend,” she asked Taizong of Tang to pressure on Koguryo in order to stop its attack to Silla. Amaterasu  In Japan, the goddess of the sun, also the universe, meaning “shining in heaven”. A major deity of the Shinto religion Prince Shotoku  Prince of Japan during the end of 5 century, he Opened the relation with Sui dynasty in China with Suito. They promoted Buddhism and reorganized the court of Japan. Liao Dynasty  Liao Dynasty and Xia dynasty, later became the Northern Song, the Jurchens and Mongols, were both rivals to Song dynasty. It was huge but sparse; the government was mobile and the ruler was always moving. Zhu Xi  The master of the Southern Song Confucianism, helped the dynasty to build an ideal society by establishing private schools based on Confucianism, after the loss of the north to the Jurchens while people lost confidence. His significance is that he was an wise elite that could be said as a successor of Confucius. Fujiwara  A powerful family of regents in Japan, dominated the Japanese politics of Heian period (794-1185) through the monopoly of regent positions.  The Fujiwara gradually lost its control over mainstream politics due to the abdication of emperors. Koryo Dynasty  A Korean era founded in 935 by Wang Kon, had to cooperate with the Khitans, Jurchens and Mongols in China to maintain its power; one of the most significance was the introduction of the Song Dynasty version of Confucianism. Chang’an  The capital of Tang dynasty. It was the largest capital that had yet been seen. Dunhuang  A place near Chang’an, there are thousands of original documents in the temple at Dunhuang, contributed to the social and economic relations. Silla  One of the three kingdoms in Korean during the 4 century, the other two were Koguryo and Paekche. The state developed due to the decline of Chinese power and a diaspora of Chinese fleeing turmoil. The significance is that they used Chinese political practices to control the kingdom and the monarchy. Koguryo Kingdom  One of the Korean kingdoms, the other two were Silla and Paekche. It was the most powerful kingdom of the Northern Korea with its capital at Manchuria. The significances is that it had adopted Confucian and Buddhism administrative patterns, and also Chinese writing from China. Also it carried Chinese knowledge to Japan. Bone Rank  A system in Silla that referred to social organization, the monarchy and the descendant of the royal families were called True Bone families and they could not drop to the commoner status. Nara  The capital of Japan from 710 to 794, referred to the Nara period.  A Korean word meaning “country,” the significance is referred to the immigrants th to Japan during 20 century. Jin Dynasty  A Chinese dynasty created by Sima Yan, replacing Wei dynasty in 286. The significance in Korean history is that Xianbei people had attacked Puyo and took thousands of captives. Heian  From 794-1180, the period in Japan when Buddhism, Daoism and other Chinese influences were at their hright and it’s the last division of classical Japanese history and the significance is that it was considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court for its art, poetry
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