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EAS105H1 midterm study

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East Asian Studies

EAS105H1 July 23ed  Japan colonized Taiwan then Korea  Queen ming of Korea was assassinated  1970- Korean representitves in international peace conference, Japan forced replace Huzong replace him with SunJong o same year Japan and Korea signed … Japan Japan covention assigned in 1907 o Forced Korea not able to have own army, took charge of national security, took away freedom of speech assembly, 1910 novernal severity and Korea as Japanese colony o Choe IkeyEon An appeal to arms- opposed to cut top nods and presented a memorial, he refused you can cut my hear but my nods o Japanese took him to Japan island he refused to eat and died  Reading for Thursday Choe An appeal to arms- do not live a life of a slave he will die for his emperor, trader are iraticatiors of pro Japan  Yi Gangnyeuon- wrote a letter to Ito Hirohumi (first prim minister of Japan and governor general of Korea) studied abroad in London and Doc degree in yale;  In the letter- called Japanese a Barbarian Confucius idea, you killed our Queen changed out customs and killed out people. You are a unforgivable enemy  35 years colonial rule of Korea, Japan was a late comer to imperialism had the advantages of learning western colonialism learned their mistakes of the British and Germany. Had great knowledge of exploitation  Japan- 1) 1910-1919 Military rule o 2) Cultural rule o 3) wartime rule  Japanese politicians in Korea had to serve in military, 9 governor generals  Most executive members were Japanese, not elective assemblies Korean cannot choose  Goal – to perpetuate Japanese rule, and to develop Korea as a source of human and …  Military rule (1910-1919)- Governor general as the center of power, building very European in style. o Band Korean language, brought officials and teachers from Japan o Military of Japanese in Korea were armed and armed police forces o Japan focused on building infrastructure, communication and railroads in Korea, reason so they can have more effective control and to get resources out of Korea o 1910- first year rule, the temporary land survey burro was developed, Korean land owner had to re-register, hard for people because many were unable to read and write, late declared land will be repossessed by Japan, 40% was repossessed by Japan, they sold these land to Companies and to Japanese citizens, oriental development company a national enterprise purchased some for very cheap price o Without land Korean farmers worked for Japanese, many goods was send to Japan, Japan is a island did not have a lot of land. Ate other grains prior to this period, white rice was a stable food in Japan, prior Japanese could not afford to eat it o Situation in Korea was bad, some moved out of Korea and went to Japan and worked, educated went to other parts of the world- France, China Manchuria and British to organize assembly to fight o 1919 Emperor Huzong died, people organized to protest Japanese colonialism, o Soho park, national wide demonstration started, declaration of independence was drafted and read and marked its movements o Most massive movement in Korea, Japan fought, pushed people to church’s and killed them by burning them and shooting,  CANADIAN OF THE DAY- DR Francis Schofield – U of T graduate  Only foreigner who signed the declaration of the independence movement  Wrote articles and published in the west of the brutalities occurred in Korea  Teached in Korea buried in national semitary in Korea. EAS105 July 25 th Saito Makoto: reading must read with spirit of independent imperialist vs. nationalist  Civilization and modernization for own cause  Japan we are here to promote cultivation, Korean Nationalist we have to modernize leave Japans rule  Japan colonist- The divide and rule- official rhetoric of cultural amalgamation o Reality of discrimination, some Korean newspaper was allowed to public o Officially omvimation of two country but not in reality Korean was discriminated and exploitive o Cultural rule- not just cultural but also economic- cultural rule meant used Korean rice for Japanese consumption o In Japan peasants were moving to the city to work in industries and not one was producing rice o Txt- cheap Korean imported rice was a big issue for Japanese rice farmers, they started a riot, for the first rice became widely available o Government give the Japanese farmers at a fix rate but Korean at a cheaper price, duals price  Anti Japanese- military uprisings in china and Siberia  Son Gijeong- in1936 won the Olympic he was Korean, but he ran for Japanese, he was ashamed by wearing the Japanese flag, East Asia daily- debate on to show the Japanese flag or not, they removed the Japanese flag on his shirt, the Japanese found out and took down Japanese daily Sin was the publisher and was tortured in Japan warned not to work in media again Wartime Rule (1936-1945)  Policy to promote ultra-nationalism (1938)  Asimilation policy  Clarification of Kokutai  Banded study of Korean learning and language  Pure Japanese learning, Japan brought in teachers  Compulsory of Shinto worship in colonial Korea, anger from Christian missionary in Korea  Enforcement of Japanese Names – Soshi-Kaimei o From Kim Muyeon to Yamato Takehiro  Heavy and industrial in Korea  Total assimilation of Korean people into Japanese form, want them to be obedience to fight the war, need war effort form Korea  Newspaper in Korean was banned Japanese want to control consciousness of Koreans into Japanese- in values and language  Conscription of Korean men into Japanese army Comfort Women in Korea were also imported to the Japanese war  Comfort women-Military sex slaves 200,000 women to military brothels; unmarried young women from country side, from Korea, lots were tricked into it, many though they were going work in industries, after the war most women didn’t want to talk about it, lots didn’t want to go back to Korea to face family  1990s- over 200 slavery women comes forward talked about it, very hard for them  Some went to China liberated in Yunnan Modern justification- normalize exploitation of women  Colonizing Sex book- development of comfort women had to do with modern Japanese regime and health regime, in order to modernize education they adopted human body learning/ physiology- “we all have needs to be met to function properly, need for food, rest and for sex”, as a colonizer as a colonizer they sent women from Korea, south Asia and China also Dutch (Race, gender and class)  Nature of the sex slavery- one women 15-20 men a day, sex transmitted disease killed many solders and women, later on they wanted financial compensation  Allied forces had evidence about the stations- war tribunals prosecuted only the cases of the 35 Dutch concerned women, 200,000 south Asian and the Koran and Chinese women  Why does the Japanese not give a formal apology? Complicate issue, middle men people who tricked these women, many were Korean themselves, Japanese said it was the middle man that did this, just like India and British saying Indians sold their own country Japan’s Biological warfare Unit 731 -Huma
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