EAS105 Final Notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
East Asian Studies
Christina Han

EAS105 Final Exam WHAT WHEN WHERE SIGNIFICANCE The Great Leap Forward - plan led by Mao Zedong to - -1957-60 - China - Mao’s failure caused one of the biggest famine in increase China’s economy and history industry to rival against America, ended up with famine and deaths of tens of millions of ppl Global Capitalism - The New Culture Movement - movement that challenged - 1910s - China - sparked national protest and marked the China’s traditional social system upsurge of Chinese nationalism and advocated for a cultural revolution: to create a new Chinese culture based more on democracy and science The Self-Strengthening - period of institutional reforms to - late Qing Dynasty - China - movement failed because they relied too much Movement advocate the modernization of on old methods (Confucianism) and ignored the China, attempted to adapt fundamental requirements of industrial Western institutions and military modernization innovations to Chinese needs but ended up unsuccessful - conflict between NK and SK when - 1950s - Korea - war ended up costing so many lives and The Korean War the former, with the support of increased the antagonism between the two sides the Soviet Union and later China, even to this day, b/c it ended in an armistice, not invaded and attacked the latter a peace treaty who were aided by the UN and the US Yasukuni Shrine Controversy - shrine dedicated to the war dead - following WWII - Japan who have died for the emperors of Japan since the Meiji Restoration, including the soldiers and the non-Japanese – when Japanese leaders got to the shrine to pay their respects, it angers neighbouring countries where war crimes haven taken place Cultural hegemony - the concept of inordinate cultural domination of a ruling nation over another, as seen by the Western capitalist cultural hegemony in Maoist and post-Maoist China, and the dominance of Chinese cultural influence over its smaller Asian neighbours Historical revisionism - revision and rewriting of historical - in Japan, historical revisionists challenge the narratives and interpretations by post-war international consensus on Japan’s war challenging established or responsibility and colonial aggression dominant views of the past - in East Asia, domestic political changes and shifts in the international environments contributed to the rise of historical revisionism Juche - political ideology formed by Kim - 1950s - Korea - official state ideology of NK Ilsung that is based on natural human will for self-reliance of state by promoting political and cultural independence, economic self-sustenance, and self-defence Mitsukoshi Department Store - one of Japan’s oldest and biggest - in the late Meiji - Japan - symbol of Japanese capitalism department stores, it introduced period the then-radical innovation of fixed prices, highlighting Japan’s adoption of Western-style commerce and displays signs of mod
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